WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY
THE Z. SMITH REYNOLDS LIBRARY
J> Clyde lates
HOT TO BE CIRCULATED
Digitized by the Internet Archive
W. H. DAVIS
Rt. No. 4, Hendersonville, N. C.
W. H. DAVIS
Rt. No. 4, Hendersonville, N. C.
October 2, 1948
Sermons and Addresses by Rev. W. H. Davis
A series of Sermons and Addresses delivered over a
period of 62 years by Rev. W. H. Davis, a pioneer
Baptist preacher of Western North Carolina, with an
introduction by Rev. J. C. Owen, a former Missionary
to China, originally from Transylvania Co., N. C, but
now located at Lakeland, Fla.
TROWDER'S PRINTING PRESS
Alexander, N. C.
Truth Illustrated In Human Experience 9
The Church Compared To The Human Body 10
No Salvation Without Obedience 12
No Salvation With Out Obedience 12
Three Stages of The Christian Life 15
Christ Satisfied With The Result of His Death 18
The Overcoming Life 21
My Life Work 24
Spiritual Value of Bitter Experience 29
The Leadership of God 33
Essentials To True Discipleship 38
The Standard of Thought 42
Effectual Prayer 51
The Child's Relation To The Works of Missions 57
Comparison of Forces For Good and Evil 62
The Personal Element In Character Building 68
The Man For The Hour 74
The Philosophy Of A Smile 82
Time, Tact And Talent 90
A Search For Jewels 98
Music And The Gospel In Song 106
— Poem —
Life's Maras and Bethels 110
Rev. W. H. Davis and Wife
To the memory of the little woman, who for thirty-
three years was my helpmeet, companion and inspira-
tion, in service and in sacrifice, this volume is affec-
tionately dedicated by the author.
Some one has said "Every really worthwhile life
has in it material enough for a book that is worthy of
the appreciation of all men." If this be true then the
purpose of Rev. W. H. Davis to put the best of his ser-
mons and addresses into book form will be approved
and commended by all who know him.
His Parents, Josiah Davis, a member of sturdy East
Tennessee family and Jane Mathews of an equally
sturdy South Carolina family lived on a farm five miles
west of Hendersonville, N. C. William H. Davis, the
subject of this sketch, was born here in January 1S66,
only a few months after the Civil War had closed. Plis
parents shared in the fate of all other loyal Southern
families in the loss of their property. So when young
William felt the urge to equip himself educationally
for the work of the ministry he faced the task of self
support. This however could only defer the comple-
tion of the task and at the same time give a deeper and
richer experience. Completing what the local school
gave he entered Judson college in Hendersonville and
later completed his High School course at Globe Acad-
emy. In September 1892 he entered as Freshman the-
classes in Wake Forest college, from which he gradu-
ated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1(396. His
standing in scholarship, especially in the Greek, and
in oratory was high. But his highest achievement v/as
in the line of recognized Christian character. In this
particular no one stood higher than he.
He was licensed to preach by Shaws Creek Baptist
church in 1886. From this time he preached wherever
opportunities aiforded during the school year and dur-
ing vacation did considerable evangelistic work. In
1895, being called on to do pastoral work along with his
college duties, he was ordained to the full work of the
ministry ?t Forestville Baptist cliurch, Dr. Charles E.
Taylor, President of the college preaching the sermon
and Dr. W. B. Royall, head of the Department of Greek,
in whicii Bro. Davis was a favorite pupil, participating
in the exercises.
On graduation from college Brother Davis entered
at once on his duties as Associational Missionary in
Johnson Country w^ith headquarters at Smithfield. After
two successful years he resigned in order to enter the
Seminar}^ at Louisville, Ky. Failure of health prevented
him from completing his Theological course. Return-
ing to hit native state he served as pastor at Troy, Wil-
mington, Fayetteville, Winton. Saluda and some other
places. While he was pastor at Winton he was married
to Miss Daisy Alma Baines of Nansemund, Va. He took
a special course in music in the Shenandoah Institute
in Dayton, Va., established his home in Hendersonville
and did much evangelistic work in Virginia, North and
South Carolina, and Georgia.
Now in retirement, he is soon to give us a volume
of his choicest sermons and addresses. Having enjoyed
his friendship over a period of 54 years I am sure that
his well trained mind coupled with an untarnished
Christian character will give us a book which v/ill bene-
fit all who have the privilege of access to it.
J. C. Owen.
Sermon No. 1
Subject; TRUTH ILLUSTRATED IN HUMAN
Text: Romans 8:28
Read Job 1:2-11.
The book of Job gives to us the life story of a real
man. He was not only a real man but he was a man
who had great wealth. He was a man of God in spite
of his wealth. He was a man who "feared God and
eschewed evil." Job may be considered a representa-
tive Christian. Unlike many persons he retained his
integrity in prosperity. We have several evidences of
his piety. Pie had family worship and had regard for
the spiritual welfare of his children. He was liberal
with his wealth. He fed the hungry and clothed the
naked. He was eyes to the blind and feet to the lame.
When adversity came upon him his piety was un-
changed. The devil said that Job was serving God for
what he was getting out of it in material benefits. But
not so. In one day he lost all his property, his servants
; nd his children. We are told that, in all this Job
sinned not nor charged God foolishly. In another place
he said, "Though he slay me yet will I trust him."
We have Christian endurance illustrated in Matthew
24:13 "But he that shall endure unto the end the same
shall be saved." It has been said that every man has
his price, and that he will sell out to the devil if he is
oifereu his price. But that is a falsehood of the devil. We
have as example of this Moses, John the Baptist, Elijah
and other Bible characters. We have also at a later
date John Bunyan, John Knox, John Huss and others.
The hfe of every Christian is subjected to a series of
tests. In the endurance of these tests faith reaches its
chmax. Job's most severe test was the disloyalty of
his wife as we note in chapter 2, verses 9 and 10.
Faith reaches its cUmax when the supreme motive
of life IS to glorify God. Read Philippians 3:8-12.
God's favorixes are those who have endured his
most severe tests. Upon these He bestow^s His greatet
blessings. \Ve read in Hebrews 12:7, If ye endure chast-
ening God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son
is he whom the father chasteneth not? We are told
that the '"Lord blessed the latter end of Job more than
his beginning." Chapter 42:12. But they that wait
upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall
mount up with wings as eagles, they shall run and not
be weary and they shall walk and not faint.
Serm.on No. 2
Subject: THE CHURCH COMPARED TO THE
Text: I Cor. 12:18
The human body is marvelous in its construction.
It is the most marvelous piece of mechanism in exist-
ence. It v/as constructed by the great God who knew
how to arrange the parts with reference to beauty and
usefulness. God put the head above all the other parts
of the body, because it belongs there. The head has in
it the nerve center which controls every other part of
the body. God gave us two arms and two hands, one
on the right side of the body and the other on the left.
The right hand and arm are stronger than the left be-
cause they are used more than the left. Then we have
two eyes to see both sides of every question and two
ears to hear both sides. These were put in the head
near the commanding center of the body. Then we
have the feet underneath the entire body to support it.
Paul tells us here that, "God hath set the members
in the body as it hath pleased him." We note further
that all of these members of the body work in perfect
harmony with each other. No member works in oppo-
sition to any other member. So the body is one in con-
struction and one in operation.
The church as it really is in the sight of God is com-
posed of many members but is one body. When a mem-
ber joins a local church he must be a member of the
body of Christ first. If he does not belong to Christ he
will be a great hindrance and a stumbling block to the
local church. Christ said of His disciples, "Ye are the
light of the world." An unsaved man or woman cannot
be a light to the world.
Again I notice that each member of the body renders
its proportional part to the support of the body. Each
part of the body gives its part of blood and nourishment
to the other parts of the body.
If this were not true there would soon be chaos and
death in the body. In Eph. 4:15-16 Paul says, "But
speaking the truth in love may grow up unto him in all
things, which is the head, even Christ; From whom the
whole body fitly joined together and compacted by
that which every joint supplieth, according to the ef-
fectual working in the measure of every part, maketh
increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love."
So far as I know the human body is the only piece of
machinery known to man which oils itself.
Every member of the body of Christ should render
his proportional part to the support of the body. Again
the members of the human body sympathize with each
other. If one member suffers the other members suffer
with it. No member should ever be excluded from the
church lill everything possible has been done to save
him. If there is a case of blood poison in the hand
everything will be done that can be done to save the
hand with the body. If it is seen that by cutting off
the hand the body can be saved then it is best to cut
off his hand and save the body rather than to lose both
hand and body. Even after a member of the body has
been taken off or amputated the body still sympathizes
with it. It has been said that men who have had a leg
o.' a foot amputated and buried in the ground have
complained that they w^ere suffering in that absent
foot or leg.
The body of Christ must be preserved, if not the
world will be left in dense darkness and death.
Sermon No. 3
Subject: NO SALVATION WITHOUT OBEDIENCE
Text: II Kings 5:13
Leprosy is a most terrible disease. It is said that
it manifests itself by red spots over the body. These
spots grow larger and larger and the body gradually
wastes away under the power of this awful disease. It
is so loathsome that those who have it are separated
from their friends and loved ones until they die. There
is no known cure for leprosy.
Naaman was great in position and influence but he
was a leper.
Let us note the steps to his cure. In the home of
Naaman- was a little captive maid v/ho waited on
Naaman's wife. She had been taken captive by the
Syrians in the land of Israel. She loved God and wanted
to do som.ething for Naaman her master. So she was
heard to say, "would god my Lord were with the
prophet that is in Samaria, for he would recover him
of his leprosy." These words were fitly spoken and as
a result a letter was sent to the king of Israel asking
him to cure Naaman of his leprosy. When the king of
Israel had read the letter he rent his clothes and said,
'"Am I God to kill and to make alive, that this man
should send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy?"
When Elisha the prophet heard it he said, "Wherefore
hast thou rent thy clothes? Let him come now to me
and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel."
AL the invitation of the prophet Elisha, Naaman went
to the home of the prophet taking with him in his
chariot "ten talents of silver, six thousand pieces of
gold, ;;nd ten changes of raiment." When the chariot
stood before the door of Elisha, the prophet sent a mes-
senger to the door to tell him to go and wash in Jordan
seven times and he would be cured of his leprosy.
When Naaman heard this he was displeased and went
away in a rage. His servants then came to him and
said, "If the prophet had bidden you do some great
thing, wonkiest thou not have done it how much rather
then when he saith to thee wash and be clean?" Then
went he down and dipped himself seven times in Jor-
dan, according to the saying of the man of God, and his
flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child
and he was clean." Elisha's remedy was rejected at
first because of its simplicity. Naaman said why should
it not do as well for me to wash in Abana or Pharpar
in Damascus rather than in this muddy Jordan. But
the prophet said, go wash in Jordan. Dip yourself seven
times. I'he merit was not in the water or any river.
But thi^ was God's remedy. When Naaman illustrated
his obedience and humility he was healed.
Leprosy is a type of sin. Sin is a terrible disease.
It is incurable by all earthly physicians. Sin separates
men from their best friends. Great men often live and
die without Christ. No one save Christ can cure the
sin sick soul. The cure is free. It cannot be bought
with talents of silver or pieces of gold. It is obtained
by a full surrender of self to God. It is said that after
the great flood of Johnstown, Pa., several years ago a
young girl who was starving was offered food by friends
and she refused it because it was offered to her free.
She had been brought up in luxury and wantd to buy
everything she received. The bread of life is free to
all, the poor as well as the rich can have it without cost.
Naaman's cure came without cost and as a result of
obedience to God. All the cures from disease spoken
of in the Bible came as a result of humility and obedi-
ence to the Word of God. No one can save himself,
but Christ can save to the "uttermost all who come unto
God by him." Heb. 7:25.
Sermon No. 4
Subject: THREE STAGES OF THE CHRISTIAN LIFE
Text: Revelation 3:5: He that overcometh the same
shall be clothed in white raiment and I will not
blot out his name out of the book of life but will
confess his name before my father and before
I. The Stage of Nature. After a person has passed
through the period of childhood and reached the age
of accountability they begin what I have here desig-
nated as the stage or period of nature. After they enter
this period and until the life is changed by the spirit of
God they are living in sin and their life is against God.
They have a carnal or fleshly mind. This fact is noted
i:a Romans 8:7, "Because the carnal mind is enmity
against God; for it is not subject to the law of God nei-
ther indeed can be." Verse 8. So then they that are
in the flesh cannot please God.
Again those that are in this period of nature have
an unregenerate heart. As we read in Jeremiah 17:9,
"The heart is deceitful above all things and desperately
wicked; who can know it?" Again the soul is unsaved.
As we read in Ezekiel 18:4, "The soul that sinneth it
shall die." So then the imregenerate unsaved soul is
subject to death and is in a dangerous condition.
Again it is the purpose of God to deliver the soul
from death if he is permitted to do so. We read in Ps.
33:18-19, "Behold, the eye of the Lord is upon them that
fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy; To deliver
their soul from death and to keep them alive in fam-
II. Tiie period of faith begins with the new birth.
Jesus sj.ys, "Ye must be born again." John 3:7 and 1st
Peter 1:23. Being born again, not of corruptible seed,
but of incorruptible, by the Word of God, which liveth
and abideth for ever." This is the overcoming period
of the Christian life. No person can overcome the
world so long as the life is full of the world. No boat
can sail on tlie water if the boat is full of water. If we
would overcome the world we must get the world out
of us and be filled with faith in God and the spirit of
God. In 1st John 5:4, we read, "Whatsoever is born of
God overcometh the world; and this is the victory that
overcometh the world even our faith." When a person
believes in God and is born again his name is written
in the book of Life in heaven and will remain there
through all eternity.
If we have been born- again we are spoken of as
being dead and our life hid with Christ in God. In Col.
3:3, "For ye are dead and your life is hid with Christ in
God." So then the Christian is absolutely safe at all
times and under all sorts of conditions.
I stood once upon the ocean shore and saw a little
fishing boat coming in. Sometimes it lool-ied as if the
boat was submerged beneath the waves and then it
would appear again upon the crest of the waves. But
it was just as safe at one point as at the other because
the Pilot at the helm knew his business. Christ is the
pilot of our little barque and it matters not whether
we are behind the waves or upon the crest we are safe.
I will give you some encouraging passages of scrip-
ture. In Isaiah 41:10 we read, "Fear thou not for I am
with thee, be not dismayed for I am thy God; I will
strengthen thee; yes I will help thee, yea I will uphold
thee with the right hand of my righteousness." Again
in L^aiah 43:2, "When thou passest through the waters
1 will be with thee, and through the rivers they shall
not over flow thee, when thou walkest through the fire
thou shalt not be burned, neither shall the flame kindle
upon thee." Again in Isaiah 46:4 we read, "And even
to your old age I am he; and even to hoar hairs will I
carry you: I have made, and I will bear; even I will
carry, and will deliver you."
Again I read in Isaiah 49:14-16, "But Zion said, the
Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten
me. Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she
would not have compassion on the son of her womb?
Yea they may forget, yet will I not forget thee. "Be-
hold I ha,ve graven thee upon the palms of my hands;
thy walls are continually before me." The redeemed
shall be clothed in white raiment. They shall walk
with me in white for they are worthy. Rev. 3:5.
III. Name confessGc! before the Father and His
Angels. The narae that was written in the book of
life at the beginning of the life of faith will be con-
fessed at the beginning of the life of glory. When the
believer enters the gate of glory the angels and the
saints will gather around in the presence of the Father
and the^ shall hear the Saviour say, that name was
written Inere with my approval let it stand, do not blot
it out for it was written in my blood. Then there shall
be great joy and rejoicing in heaven as the redeemed
saints stand before God to begin the life of Glory which
will never end.
Sermon No. 5
Subject : CHRIST SATISFIED WITH THE RESULT
OF HIS DEATH
Text: "He shall see of the travail of his soul and shall
be satisfied." Isa. 53:11.
The death of Jesus Christ was the most noteworthy
event in the world's history.
1. Because of his noteworthy and perfect charac-
2. Because of the character and circumstances of
his death. "He poured out his soul unto death. And
he was numbered with the transgressors. He was cru-
cified between two thieves.
3. Because of the purpose for which he-died. In
Hebrew 2:9, I read, "But we see Jesus, who was made
a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death,
crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace
of God should taste death for every man." He died for
our sins according to the scripture, I cor. 15:3. We note
the remarkable faith of the old prophets in the world's
evangelization through His coming. His death and His
resurrection. In this 53rd chapter of Isa., the death of
Christ is placed vividly before us, and yet Isaiah was
looking forward thousands of years to the coming of
this event. Other prophets were doing the same thing.
Again we note the faith of the saints of all ages in
the world's evangelization through his coming.
The 11th chapter of Hebrews mentions the names
of a large number of the heroes of faith. However it
does not mention the names of all of them. We have
heroes of faith among our missionaries. Such men as
Gary, Yates, Allen Gardner and others.
Again we note the faith of Christ himself in the
world's evangelization through his death. In John
12:32, He said, "And I if I be lifted up will draw all
men unto me." It is said that in the far northern re-
gions of Europe where the sun is hidden for six months
in the year that the inhabitants are so anxious to see
the light of the sun that they climb to the tops of the
highest mountain peaks to get the first glimpse of light
from the rising King of day. In like manner the proph-
ets and saints of all ages have climbed to the highest
peaks of faith that they might get the first glimpse of
the Son of Righteousness as he rises with healing in
We note that soul agony and consecrated effort are
the outgrowth of faith, we believe only what we prac-
tice and no more. Every creed has had its martyrs.
Every religion has its advocates. Sometimes error has
stronger advocates than truth. The heathen in India
falls before the car of Judgment to be crushed to death.
Because ho believes in His god. The mother in India
will throw her little child to the crocodile in the river
Ganges to please her god.
Christianity which is the religion of Christ is in-
finitely worthy of the highest praise and most zealous
work of its advocates. Chri itianity is spread through
soul agony and consecrated effort. Paul says in Romans
9:3, "For 1 could wash that myself were accursed from
Christ Lor my brethren, my kinsmen according to the
flesh." Note what Christ said to his disciples when
they asked vAry they could not cast tlie devil out of the
boy. "I'his kind goeth not out but by prayer and fast-
ing." Jo;ai 17:21. John Knox of Scotland and John
Hess of England and all reformers are illustrations of
Jesus Christ desires not only numerical growth but
also intellectual, moral and spiritual growth.
V'/e note finally satisfaction with the results that
follow. A mother may not be satisfied with her chil-
dren, but Christ will be satisfied with the members of
God's family in the end. Illustration: The story is told
of a father v/ho had a little family consisting of a wife
and three small children, two girls and a little idiotic
boy. One day the father had occasion to make a visit
a short distance from home and when he left he said
to his children that ho would be back at a certain hour
and asked the children to have their faces clean and
be ready to meet father when he comes. The mother
washed their faces clean and prepared them to meet
their father. About that time they looked out and saw
their father coming. One of the little girls said "Yon-
der comes father. Let us go and meet him. Let us
gather a nice bunch of flowers to present to him." So
each little girl ran to him with her bouquet of flowers.
The little idiotic boy did not have mind enough to
gather flowers and instead gathered a bundle of sticks
to present to his father. When the little girls came to
father he pushed them aside and took the little boy
with his sticks up in his arms and said, "God bless you,
my boy, you did not know to gather flowers, but you
did the best you could and I love j^ou just the same as
if you had brought flowers to me." "She hath done
what she could" was the greatest compliment that was
ever paid to a human being. This paid by Jesus Him-
self. "He shall see of the travail of his soul and shall
Sermon No. 6
Subject: THE OVERCOMING LIFE
Text: Rev. 3:21, Romans 12:21
The Christian life is a life of constant struggle. In
John 16:33 Jesus says, "These things I have spoken
unto you, that in me you might have peace. In the
world ye shall have tribulations: but be of good cheer,
I have overcome the world." The word tribulation
comes from a Latin word which means a sifter. So I
think Jesus meant to suggest that we are in a world in
which we will be sifted by life's experiences. In this
sifting the chaff will be separated from the wheat. In
Luke 22:31 Christ said to Peter, "Simon, Simon, behold
satan hath desired to have you that he may sift you as
wheat; But 1 have prayed for thee that thy faith fail
not, and when thou art converted, strengthen thy
When 1 was a boy, being reared in a mountain home,
my fatiicr raised wheat and rye on our farm and the
road was so rough and steep up to our place that we
could not get a thresher up there to thresh our grain so
we had lo thresh it on an old fashioned threshing floor
near the barn. When the grain was threshed my father
would take it and put a small portion of it at a time in a
sifter made of white oak splits and hold it up in the
wind and sift it to separate the grain from the chaff.
I have thought many a time since then of the sifting
process that goes on in our own lives. This sifting must
go on day after day to prepare us to be meat for the
master's use. Paul must of had reference to this' when
he said to Timothy, "Endure hardness as a good soldier
of Jesus Christ."
There are several elements which enter into the
The first element is self-forgetfulness with eyes
fixed on Jesus. No person can ever be happy whose
eyes and mind are constantly fixed on himself. In
Hebrews 2:9 we read, "But we see Jesus, who was
made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of,
death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the
grace of God should taste death for every man." Again
in Heb. 12:2, "Looking unto Jesus the Author and fin-
isher of our faith."
The second element in our overcoming life is the
relation of self to fellow-men. Paul says, "For none of
us liveth to himself and no man dieth to himself." The
question of Cain, "Am I my brother's keeper?" cannot
be answered, except in the affirmative.
The next element that enters into the overcoming
life is the spirit of helpfulness to fellowmen. You take
out of Christianity the spirit of helpfulness to fellow-
men and you have nothing left except a dry skeleton.
It is this spirit that entered into the foundation of every
institution for the uplift of humanity. But for this
spirit we never would have had any insane hospital or
orphanages. In the 29th chapter of Job we read, "When
the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye
saw me, it gave witness to me. Because I delivered
the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had
none to help."
Again in verses 15 and 16, "I was eyes to the blind
and feet was I to the lame. I was a father to the poor,
and the cause which I knew not I searched out." There
are many blind who need our eyes, and many lame who
need our feet. There is much suffering the cause of
which if we would search out, we would have a differ-
ent attitude toward it. Jesus went about doing good.
He never let an opportunity pass for doing good. Paul
says in Gal. 6:10, "As we have therefore opportunity let
us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are
of the household of faith." We must also have the
element of faith at all times. "Faith is the victory that
overcomes the world." We must be endued with power
from on high. Without the power of the holy spirit we
cannot overcome the world. Neither can we overcome
the world if we are filled with the world. A boat in
water is a good thing but water in a boat is a bad thing.
A Christian in the world is a good thing, but the world
in the Christian is a bad thing. We cannot overcome
evil with evil, but we can overcome evil with good,
and with good only. Let us notice now the rewards of
the overcoming life.
First, our names are written in heaven.
Second, we will fill a position of power here and
in heaven, verse 21.
Third, we shall feast upon God's bounties. Rev.
2:7, "To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the
tree of life."
Fourth, He shall go no more out, but will live with
Sermon No. 7
THIS TEXT IS THE BASIS OF MY LIFE WORK
Sermon Text: "Trust in the Lord and do good. So
shalt thou dwell in the land and verily thou shalt be
fed." Ps. 37:3.
My home near Hendersonville, N. C. is in a beauti-
ful grove of trees. Into this grove especially in the
summer time large covies of birds come. They come
to my kitchen door to find crumbs which I am glad to
give them. They are not concerned about their break-
:fast or their dinner because they trust in God. Christ
says, "Behold the fowls of the air for they sow not,
neither do they reap nor gather into barns. Yet your
heavenly father feedeth them. Are ye not much bel-
ter than they?" In this connection I call special atten-
tion to two essentials of the Christian life as suggested
by this text. The first essential is that of trust as rep-
resented by the birds of the air. The second essential
is industry represented by the little ant. I suppose the
ant is the busiest little creature in the universe. Solo-
mon says, "Go to the ant thou sluggard. Consider her
ways and be wise. Which having no guide, overseer
or ruler provideth her meat in the summer, and gath-
ereth her food in the harvest." Prov. 6:7-8. These two
essentials must be closely associated in the Christian
life otherwise the work of God will languish and suf-
fering will follow. We note here some things in which
we cannot trust. In the first place we cannot trust in
riches. These cannot satisfy the hunger of the human
soul. Hear what God says about it. "Riches certainly
make themselves wings, they fly away as an eagle to-
ward heaven." (Prov. 23:5.) Again "how hardly shall
they that trust in riches enter into the Kingdom of
God." Mark 10:23. With men it is impossible. Mark
We cannot trust in public opinion. Those who cried
hosana to the King of David and threw their cloaks in
the way when Jesus made his triumphal entry into
Jerusalem afterwards cried, "Crucify him!" Public
opinion sometimes changes very quickly, and we can-
not rely upon it.
Again, we cannot trust in human beings. The book
says "trust ye not in any brother," Jer. 9:4. Again we
cannot trust in ourselves. The apostle Peter thought
he could trust in himself but he failed and denied his
I. Wo can trust in God, and in his word with per-
fect assurance. We can trust in his holy Spirit.
(1) As a guide into all truth. "Howbeit when he
the spiiit of truth is come he will guide you into all
truth." John 16:13.
(2) The Holy Spirit as a source of power "But ye
shall leceive power after that the Holy Ghost is come
upon you." Acts 1:8.
II. Trust in the Lord and do good.
)13 We can do good by winning souls to Christ.
(2) Wo can do good by helping those in need. "But
who so hath this world's good and seeth his brother in
need and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from
him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? 1st John
3:17. Practical Christianity manifests itself in real help-
fulness. God's message to us is "give we them to eat"
rather than to say "be ye warmed and filled." Read Job
29:12-17 and note Job's interest in the poor that cried
and the fatherless. Illustrations: Several years ago a
young Baptist preacher in the State of Texas heard a
child crying as he walked down a street in one of the
citites and that boy as he cried said, "you beat me be-
cause I have got no home and no where to go. This
young pieacher whose means were very limited said
"God helping me boys like that who have no home and
no one to care for them shall have a home and some
one to protect and care for them and he established in
Texas the Buckner Orphanage which is perhaps the
greatest orphanage in the Southern Baptist Conven-
tion. Job says, "I delivered the poor that cried and the
fatherless and him that had none to help him."
Again we can be eyes to the blind and feet to the
lame. One day while a student at Wake Forest Col-
lege years ago I saw an old blind negro who came up
to the College every day to cut wood, trying to find his
place of work. About that time I saw Dr. W. L. Poteat
coming across the campus. Dr. Poteat saw that the
old negro was having trouble in finding the wood pile
and he took him by the arm and led him to the wood
pile. I thought, what a beautiful illustration this was
of being eyes to the blind.
Again we are told here that we ought to learn all
the facts in every case before criticism. Job 29:16.
Several weeks ago I read a story in Charity and
Children of a little boy whose mother had just died and
he went to a barber shop to get a job shining shoes. A
customer came into the shop and asked the boy to shine
his shoes. The boy was doing his best to shine the
man's shoes but because the boy was slow and did not
seem to be doing the job as fast as he ought to do it,
the man spoke harshly to him and it hurt him. When
he looked into the man's face the man saw his eyes were
filled with tears and he offered an apology to the boy
for what he had said. But the boy said that the tears
you saw in my eyes were there when I began to polish
your shoes so that I could hardly see your shoes, but
you did not see them. Said he, "My mother died last
night and I am trying to make a little money to buy a
wreath of flowers to put on her grave."
I used to sing a song called "In the baggage coach
ahead." It tells the story of a m^an on a train going
through New York state with his little child which he
was trying to pacify and keep from crying, but could
not. One passenger said, "Make that child stop its noise
we've paid for our berths and want rest." "Put it out,"
said another passenger. "Where is its mother. Why
not take it to her?" "I wish that I could," said the man
with the child, "but she's dead in the coach ahead." It
is said that when they learned the facts, every woman
arose to a.sist with the child. There were mothers and
wives on that train and soon was the little one sleeping
in peace with no thought of sorrow or pain. Learn the
facts before you criticize.
Result III. So shalt thou dwell in the land and
verily shalt thou be fed. God's care for us. He will
give us a home. He will feed us. When I was in two
different hospitals sometime ago and on the operating
table in both of them, this wonderful promise gave me
a great deal of comfort. "Let your conversation be
without covetousness, and be content with such things
as ye have, for he hath said "I will never leave thee,
nor forsake thee. So that we may boldly say, The Lord
is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do
unto me." Hebrews 13:5-6.
Sermon No. 8
Subject: THE SPIRITUAL VALUE OF BITTER
Text: Ruth 1:21
In this world there are two kinds of values, viz:
commercial values, and spiritual values. It is neces-
sary to lay some stress on both, but infinitely more
stress should be laid on spiritual values because these
will abide after the others are gone. Jesus Christ laid
very little stress on commercial values. He said, '"What
is your life? It is even a vapour." "What is a man
profited if he shall gain the whole world and lose his
own soul?" (Matt. 15:26. "Seek ye first the Kingdom
of God and his righteousness," said Jesus, and all other
things shall be given unto you.
It is true that the "way of the transgressor is hard,"
but the way of the Christian is hard also. The life of
Jesus was a life of bitter experiences leading up to the
cross. The story of Joseph is a story of bitter expeii-
ences. The story of Job is a story of bitter experi-
ences. The story of Ruth is a story of bitter experi-
ences. The story of all reformers is a story of bitter
experiences. The story of the Bible is a story of bitter
experiences. There was a time v/hen an effort was
made to destroy all the Bibles, but that effort failed.
Even today an effort is made to destroy the Bible and
Christianity. But this effort is doomed to failure. The
missionaries in foreign fields are suffering today as
never before in their effort to present Christ to lost
men and women.
In the Book of Ruth we have the story of a family
which was driven out of their own country by famine
into a land of strange gods, a heathen land. While
there the two sons married two of these heathen wom-
en. The names of these women were Naomi, Orphah
and Ruth. The name of Naomi's husband was Elime-
lich and tlio names of tlie boys, Mahlon and Chilion.
After ten years had passed all of the men had died and
Naomi was left with her two daughters-in-law.
In tlic meantime. Naomi heard that God had visited
hor people in giving them bread. The famine had
passed. She decided to go back to her people. Her two
daughters-in-law wanted to go with her, but she in-
sisted tlint they return to their own land and their own
people. She plead with them. , They lifted up their
voices and wept. And we are told that Orphah kissed
lier mother-in-law and went back to hor people, but
"Ruth clave unto her."
Ruth and Naomi came to Bethlehem in the time
of barley harvest. Ruth was not ashamed to work. She
gleaned in the barley field of Boaz and helped her
mother-in-law. We are told that when she came among
her own people the "City was moved about them and
they said, "is this Naomi?" And she said call me not
Naomi, call me Mara, for the Almighty hath dealt very
bitterly with me. I went out full and the Lord hath
brought me home again empty."
During" a famine in the land of Israel, the propliet
Elijah was told by the Lord to go and hide himself by
the brook Chenth, to drink of the brook and the ravens
would feed him. He obej^ed the voice of the Lord and
went. He remained there until the brook dried up.
Then God told him to arise and go to Zaraphath and he
would find a widow woman there who would feed him.
He went to Zaraphath and when he came to the gate
of the city, the woman was gathering sticks. The
prophet said to her, "Bring me a little water." When
she went to bring it, he said to her, "Bring me a morsel
of bread in thine hand." Then she said, "As the Lord
thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but only a handful
of meal in a barrel and a little oil in a cruse; and I am
gathering two sticks that I ma}^ go in and dress it for
me and my son that we may eat it and die." And Elijah
said, "Go and do as thou hast said, but make me thereof
a little cake first; and bring it unto me. then after
make for thee and for thy son. For thus saith the Lord
God of Israel, "The barrel of meal shall not w^aste nor
the cruse of oil fail until the day that the Lord sendeth
rain upon the earth." She obeyed the saying of Elijah,
and "she and he and her house did eat many days."
I Kings Chapter 17.
The next account we have of Elijah he is running
from Jezebel, a wicked woman, because she had threat-
ened to kill him. We find him asleep under a Juniper
tree. He was awakened by the angel of God, and given
nourishment. After that he went into the mouth of a
cave and God spoke to him there and said, "What doest
thou here, Elijah?" Elijah said, "I have been very jeal-
ous of the Lord God of Hosts, but the children of Israel
have forsaken the covenant, destroyed thine altars,
killed all the prophets but me and they seek my life,
to take it away." God said, "Elijah, you are mistaken.
I have reserved unto myself 7,000 who have not bowed
the knee to Baal. Elijah, you need to get busy for me.
You are discouraged. You are thinking too much about
yourself." Then Elijah found Elisha plowing with 12
yokes of oxen and appointed him as prophet in his
stead. I Kings, Chapter 19.
Even this prophet of God had bitter experiences
and these were for a purpose. They were a blessing
in disguise. God's purpose was the extension of his
KingdOiH. God saw what Elijah could not see. God
sees nov/ what we cannot see. Job says, "He knoweth
the way that I take when He hath tried me, I shall
come forth as gold." Job 23:10.
Being emptied of self is one of the greatest bless-
ings that can come to any of us. Emptiness is one con-
dition of entrance into the home circle. When the
prodigal son came to himself, he renounced himself
and despised the life he was living and decided to re-
turn home. When the wanderer leaves home, he is
independent. God's dealings with Naomi resulted in
her return to her own country empty but she brought
with her her daughter-in-law, Ruth, who afterwards
became the great grandmother of Jesus Christ. We all
seek a better country. God wants to bring us all home
at last. Bethlehem was the place of Rachel's death and
burial. The home of Boaz and Ruth, the birthplace of
David and the birthplace of Christ.
Sermon No. 9
Subject: "THE LEADERSHIP OF GOD"
Text: Deut. 32:12.
"So the Lord alone did lead him, and there was no
strange god with him."
The scriptures here present a picture of Jacob as
a representative character among the Israelites when
God found him in the Land of Canaan at the time of a
Joseph, the favored son of Jacob, had been sold
into slavery in Egypt, and after several years in Egypt
after he had grown to manhood, he was unjustly put
in prison. While in prison Pharaoh dreamed a dream
that troubled him greatly. It was told him that Joseph
could interpret his dream. So he sent and called Jo-
seph from the prison. Their interpretation Vv^as that
there would be seven years of plenty followed by seven
years of famine in the land. Because of the fact that
Joseph had interpreted the dream he was appointed
by Pharaoh to gather and store up a sufficient amount
of corn during the seven years of plenty to feed the
people during the seven years of famine. Joseph gath-
ered up the corn and after awhile the corn in the land
of Canaan where Jacob lived gave out. Jacob had
heard that there was plenty of corn in Egypt and he
sent his sons down to Egypt to buy corn. V/hen they
went to Egypt to buy corn they met Joseph, their broth-
er, whom the father thought was dead. They bought
corn for awhile until their mone}^ gave out and then
they sold themselves into bondage for food.
In the meantime, Josepli had made himself known
to his brethren and had sent for his old father to come
down into Egypt to live in the land of Goshen. After
awhile Joseph and Jacob both died and there arose a
man to the throne who knew not Joseph, so the Israel-
ites, the descendants of Jacob, were in slavery and op-
pressed and cruell}' treated. Jacob here represents
God's people of that day. The Israelites were God's
people in the days of Moses.
While they were being cruelly treated in Egypt,
God raided Moses and called hini in a desert place to
be a loader of his people out of the bondage of Egypt.
Jacob may not only represent the children of Israel,
but he may also represent the Christian. God's people
have always had certain marks of distinction.
The first mark of distinction is a disposition of
willingnes.i to obey God's commands. "Thy people
,\hall be willing in the day of thy power." Ps. 110:3.
The second mark is consecration to His service. A
consecrated life is a surrendered life. Again another
mark is a spirit of progress which they possess. God
said to Moses "speak unto the Children of Israel that
they go forward."
We have here a beautiful picture of God's mysteri-
ous dealing, with his people. It is said that when the
young eagles are almost ready to fly, the old mother
eagle tears up the nest and throws the young ones out
so that they may learn to use their wings in flight. If
one of them should seem to be going down she swoops
down under it and bears it up with her great strong
wings. So we are told that God bears us on eagles'
wings. Ex. 19:4.
There are several hindrances to this progress of
Christianity which are to be noted. The first one is
pride. We cannot walk alone. "Without me you can
dp nothing," says Jesus in John 15:5.
Another hindrance is Idolatry. Setting the affec-
tions upon things of the world. "Set your affections
upon things above and not on things on the earth for
ye are dead and your life is hid with Christ in God.''
This Idolatry of the American people is the bold-
est species of idolatry.
Then again false teachers are a hindrance to the
cause of Christ, i.e.: Those who teach without the aid
of the Holy Spiiit. We read about teachers having
itching ears. Teachers desiring the applause of men
rather than the approval of God.
Then again there is such a thing as a false religion
that is a hindrance to Christianity. A religion that has
a "form of godliness, but denies the power tliereof."
II Tim. 3:5. Some one has said that "Christianity alone
answers to all the conditions of an absolute and uni-
versal religion. In Christianity, every question is an-
swered which it concerns us to know, respecting man,
his origin, history and destiny." Again sometimes false
motives stand in the way of the progress of Christian-
ity. In the days of Christ there were those who fol-
lowed Christ for the loaves and fishes. Their motives
were false. There are those today who follow him not
for the good they may do but for the material benefits
they may get.
Whatever may be the hindrances to Christianity, the
Church is marching on under the banner of Jesus
Christ. He is leading his people to victory. If we fol-
low Him we shall be "more than conquerors through
him that loved us."
Sermon No. 10
Sermon Text: "Sanctify them through thy truth, thy
word is truth." John 17, 17.
Sanciification is an act of the individual and is a
progressive work. No one can reach perfection of char-
acter r. L a single leap. As one yields himself more and
more to the will of the spirit of God, he becomes more
and more like God in thought and action. And so, as
Paul say.:; in Heb. 6, 1, "We go on unto perfection." It
is not only an act of the individual but is an act of God.
We read in Exodus 31, 13, "That ye may know that I
am the Lord that doth sanctify you." It means set
apart for a divine service. Yielding ourselves more
and more to the will of God we become more and more
efficient as his servants for as the Apostle says, "To
whom we yield ourselves servants to obey his servants
we are, whether of sin unto death or of Obedience unto
Righteousness." Romans 6, 16.
It is a process of growth. This thought is suggested
by the text. In 2nd Peter 3, 18, we read, "But Grow in
grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour
Je.sus Christ." Sanctification means purity of personal
character. In Titus 2, 11-12 we read, "For the grace of
God that bringeth salvation hath appeared unto all men.
Teaching us that denying ungodliness and worldly lusts
we should live soberly righteously, and godly in this
present world." No one can live such a life as this with-
out divine help. There is no such a thing as absolute
purity in this world. There can be and ought to be rela-
tive purity. No one can live a sinless life but each one
of us can live a blameless life. I Thes. 5, 23. Verse 23
says, "Abstain from all appearance of evil. He who
abstains from all appearance of evil can live the blame-
less life spoken of in verse 23.
Bible sanctification is progressive. It is not a de-
gree of holiness common to all. It is not necessarily a
constant and uniform progress, but it is continuous
It is not complete in this life. As a proof of this we
hear frequent exhortations of saints to holiness. A.lso
frecjuent warnings of saints to backsliding. II Peter
3, 17. The horror of apostasy is used as an argument for
establishment in the faith.
There are no New Testament examples of complete
holiness. Regeneration and justification must precede
sanctification. John 3, 7, says "Marvel not that I said
unto thee, ye must be born again." Romans 8, 30, says,
'"Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also
called; and whom he called, them he also justified and
whom he justified them he also glorified."
The believer is cooperative and not passive recipi-
ent. In Phil. 2, 12-13, we read, "Work out your own
salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God which
worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleas-
The means of Sanctification is the truth. Sanctify
them through thy truth. This truth is revealed to us
by the Holy Spirit. Jolm 16, 13 says, "Hovvbeit when
he, the Spirit of truth is come lie will guide you into all
truth." Perfection is a state to be reached in the future
by this process of growth. ''Let us go on unto perfec-
tion." Hebrew 6, 1. Who are sanctified, and for what
Those who believe are regenerated, justified, and
sanctified. In Gal. 2, 16, we lead that "Man is not justi-
fied b / the works of the law but by the faith of Jesus
Christ.'' I Cor. 6, 1 says, "And such were some of you,
but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified but ye are
JLisLificd in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the
Spirit of our God."
The purpose of Sanctification is 1. That as indi-
vidual Chiiotians we may be conformed to the image of
hi: son. Fiomans 8, 29-30.
2. That as a church we may enter into his presence
clean.sed from oil sin. Ephesians 5, 23-27.
Sermon No. 11
Subject: ESSENTIALS TO TRUE DISCIPLESHIP
Text: Romans 14:17.
The most noticeable thing in the world is its
variety. At every turn of the way there is variety. In
nature there is variety of scenery. There are no two
hills exactly alike. There are no two mountain peaks
alike. There are no two streams alike. There are no
two waterfalls alike. Among men there are no two
people alike. Even though two people may be twins
they are not alike. There is some shade of difference
between them either in appearance or disposition. In
the matter of dress there is variety. In the matter of
foods we have a variety. We need a variety of food in
order that we may have strength for service. In the
different lines of business we have variety. God placed
us in a world of variety for a purpose. He wants us
to enjoy life.
In this chapter Paul is speaking about variet}^ but
he emphasizes the fact that no matter what our en-
vironments are in order that we may be happy v/e must
bo linked on to God by a tie that is as tender and sacred
as the tie that binds a child to his father and mother.
'"The Kingdom of God is not meat and drink." The
Kingdom of God spoken of here means God's power
and authority in the human heart.
Christ said, "The Kingdom of God is within you."
So then there are three essential elements that enter
into the Christian life.
Righteousness. In righteousness, there are two ele-
ments. The first element is right attitude toward God
in the heart. In order to have the right attitude id the
heart toward God one must be born again. The heart
must be changed.
The second element in righteousness is a manifesta-
tion of the right attitude toward God in the every day
life. If we profess to be right we must live right. Jesus
says, "Except your righteousness shall exceed the riglit-
eousness of the Scribes and Pharisees ye shall in no o^iiQ
enter into the Kingdom of Heaven, Matthew 5:20. The
Scribes and Pharisees were not living the truth that
Jesus preached. li you have a hght at all don't put it
under a bushel but let it shine. In fact if you have a
light it will shine unless you cover it up.
Paul says here also that not only is the Kingdom
of God Righteousness, but it is Peace. Jesus says, "My
peace I give unto you, not as the world giveth, give I
unto you," John 14:27. Peace is a consciousness of being
right with God. No matter what happens, "It is well
with my soul." This is the peace of which the Prophet
Isaiah speaks in chapter six, verse three, where he says,
'Thou wilt keep Him in perfect peace whose mind is
staid on thee because he trusteth in thee." This is the
peace of which the Apostle sjDeaks when he says, "'The
Peace oi God which passeth understanding, shall keep
your heait:; and minds through Christ Jesus."
The wicked do not have this peace because they
are not right with God. In Isaiah .57:20, we read, "But
t!io wicked are like the troubled .^ea when it cannot
rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. There is no
peace saith my God to the wicked." Any one who wishes
to see a picture of the inner life of the wicked can see
it by standing a little while on the ocean shore.
Again the apostle says the Kingdom of God is not
only righteousness and Peace but Joy in the Holy Ghost.
In Phillipians 4:4, Paul says, "Rejoice in the Lord al-
ways, and again I say rejoice, so there must be joy in
the Christian religion." If Paul with all his hardships
could rejoice in God surely we can rejoice.
There are three kinds of joy v/hich we can have.
First there is the joy of reflection. The joy that
comes to us from the thought of having helped some one
in the past. The joy of mountain top experiences in
prayer. The joy of having led some one to Christ. "It
may be that the children we have led with trembling
hand will be found among our jewels v/hen we reach
the better land." Saving a soul from death is the great-
est thing that any one can do in this world. And there
is not only joy in the presence of the angels over one
sinner that repenteth but joy fills the soul of the one
who leads a sinner to Christ.
There is also the joy of present possession. In I
John 3:2 we read, ''Beloved now are we the sons of God,
and it doth not yet appear what we shall be but we
know that when He shall appear we shall be like Him
for we shall see Him as He is." If we are saved we are
the sons and daughters of God, and heirs and joint
heirs with Christ to all the riches of eai'th and heaven.
"My father is rich in houses and lands
He holdeth the wealth of the world in his hands
Of rubies and diamonds, of silver and gold.
His coffers are full he has riches untold.
I'm the child of a King
A child of a King
With Jesus My Saviour
I'm the Child of a King.
There is also the joy of anticipation. It is said that
in one of the parks of New York City there is someone
found dead every day. Some one has lost hope and felt
that the}' had nothing for which to live and has de-
stroyed that priceless jewel that God gave them — the
life. There is great joy in looking forward to something
better in the future. 'It doth not yet appear what we
shall be l)ut we know that when he shall appear we
shall be like him for we shall see him as he is." In
Titus 2, 13, we read, "Looking for that blessed hope, and
the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour
Jesus Christ." This hope gives strength and courage
and jo,v to the life and makes life seem worth while.
The apostle Paul had these three kinds of joy, viz., the
joy of reflection, the joy of present possessions and the
joy of anticipation. In Acts 20, 24, he says "But none
of these things move me, neither count I my life dear
unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy,
and the ministry which I have received of the Lord
Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God." His
joy was complete in the end.
Sermon No. 12
Subject: THE STANDARD OF THOUGHT
Text: Philippians 4:8. "Think on These Things."
The human mind is the counsel chamber of the
soul. In it all the faculties of the soul are in constant
activity laying plans for future execution. Nothing is
more active than the human mind. It is active at times
even while we are asleep, and the experiences of the
past present themselves to us in the form of dreams.
"Thought is representative. It relies upon an object,
presented either by sense or imagination." Through the
process of thinking a concept is formed in the mind.
"Imagination presents an image, and it is this image on
which the mind rests as an adequate object of con-
sciousness and it is by virtue of this image that it is
enabled to elaborate and comprehend the concept." No
action is clone in human activities without previous
thought. Thought lies at the basis of all human action.
A thought is the result of the united activities of the
powers of the human soul, and the beginning of a plan
for future action. Thought has opened highways of
trade and comimerce, built ships, discovered water ways,
tunneled through mountain ranges and connected by
railroad ports of trade, so that within a few hours one
can cross a continent and visit far distant cities. Thought
has discovered the power of electricity and the process
by which it may be made subservient to the will of man.
Cities are made alive by it, and their darkness dispelled
by the brilliancy of its lights.
The xrays were discovered by thinking. B\^ these
the skeleton of a living human body may be readily
discovered, and that which before was hidden from our
natural vision may now lie naked before us. We may
ju,;tly thank God for thought and for all its discoveries
that are useful to man, but we must at the same time
remember that it is possible for thought to be impure
and to lead to harmful results.
I. Let us notice evil thinking and its results. Some
one has said that "sin begins with a thought, grows to a
desire and then to a purpose and then to an action."
Tiirough this process sin first entered into tlie world.
We read in Genesis 3:6 "And when the woman saw that
the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to
the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make
one wise she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and
she gave also unto her husband with her and he did
eat." In tliese few sentences we have the steps from
thought to action in all human affairs whether good or
By means of the sense of sight the thought of hav-
ing the fruit of the tree of good and evil was formed in
the mind of the woman. Its appearance was a delight
to her eyes. This one thought led to a number of
thoughts and became a fixed desire. This desire was in-
tensifies! and became a purpose. This purpose became
the controlling motive of life and led to an action. "She
took of the fruit thereof and did eat." How compre-
hensive, tjiese words! Throughout the cycles of the past
\vc look with sadness of heart to that last fatal step and
we see tlie marks of wreck and ruin on every generation
and in every place. The then bright and fair Eden has
become a place of darkness and misery. If the thought
01 the fruit had never entered the mind of the woman
the ruinous result could not have followed. If men did
not think evil they would not do evil. An evil thought
is the basis of every evil action. A man talks about
what he thinks about and acts accordingly. In Luke
6:45, we read, "A good man out of the good treasure of
his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil
man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth
that which is evil; for of the abundance of the heart his
mouth speaketh." Again in Prov. we read 'As he
thiuketh in his heart so is he." Every man's character is
like his thoughts. If his thoughts are pure his character
will be pure.
Evil thoughts if cherished in the heart will surelj"
lead to evil results. The records of some of the world's
most useful men has been darkened and spoiled by evil
thinking. We have David as an example of this. He
was said to be a man after God's own heart and yet he
commiitted a sin worthy of the most severe censure and
criticism. If David with all his rich experience in the
Christian life and with his constant communion with
God committed such a sin, surely we who are but babes
in Christ should be very careful. Some one has said,
' Guard well th\' thoughts, for thoughts are known in
Evil thinking undermines character. The process by
which this is done is gradual and sometimes very slow,
but it leads to the inevitable results. The man who on
yesterday took the life of his fellowrnan and who be-
cause of which act is today looking through prison bars,
did not come to this at one step, but it was the last fatal
step of a process of thinking. In this instance sin began
with a thought, grew to a desire, and then to a purpose,
and then to an action. The robber of today may have
been a pure minded babe of 25 years ago. The first
thing he stole was something of but little value, the next
thing something of greater value and then something
of still greater value, and as the years went by he be-
came more and more hardened in sin until at last he
could rob a safe without being checked by his con-
science. May I illustrate this more fully?
Doubtless all of you have heard of the disastrous
flood of Johnstown, Penna. in 18S9. Above this thriv-
ing town was an artificial lake which was formerly used
to increase the water supply of the Penn. Canal system
but at this time had been abandoned except as it was
used as a resort for hunting and fishing parties. The
entire length of this lake was three miles and the width
one mile and a quarter. The dam holding this immense
body of water was 100 feet high and 900 feet long. Thick
and app:arently strong. Some of the people of Johns-
town had thought for some years that the dam might
break but did not think its breaking would do much
damage. It was neglected, but all the while, the dam
was being honey combed by cray fishes and other
amphibious animals. They did their v/ork silently yet
effectively. At last when the rainy season came the
dam could not longer stand the pressure of this great
volume of water, and gave away. Down the valley
rushed the mighty flood leaving desolation and death
in its track. Railway trains were carried away and
houses crushed to pieces against each other like egg
shells by its mighty power. All as the result of the
neglect of man and the constant work of living crea-
In yonder forest stands a great oak. It has stood for
years unharmed by the wintry blasts and summer cy-
clones, judging from the external appearance it is per-
fectly sound. But in the heart of the oak a little worm
is at work. Day and night its work continues until the
trunk of the great tree is so vreakened that it is car-
riei to the earth by a gentle breeze. In like manner
many a character has fallen to the sadness and deep
regret of sympathizing friends. Evil thoughts are to
be feared more than lions and tigers. They throng
the minds of the best of us. and would ruin us if we
would let them. They filled the mind of the v.-icked
men who planned the death of our Saviour. Evil think-
ing has led to the perpetration of the darkest deeds. It
is therefore needful that we know how to control the
thoughts so that good results may follow in active life.
II. I call attention now to the remedy for evil
thinking, or to the question, how m.ay u-e use the mind
for the glory of God? Paul gives us an answer to the
question in what I have designated as the pyramid of
thought in our text. We can not free the mind from
thought. It will think on something. We must think.
but in our thinking let us glorify God.
There must be first a consecration of the thoughts
to God. In order to do this we m.ust drive out evil
thoughts with good ones. In 2 Cor. 10:4-5 we read. "For
the vv-eapons of our v\-arfare are not carnal, but mighty
through God to the pulling down of strong holds: cast-
ing down imaginations, and every high thing that ex-
alteth itself against the knowledge of God. and bring-
ing into captivity every thought to the obedience of
Christ." There should be a careful study of God's
word so that the truth of God may be hidden in the
heart and life. David savs in Ps. 119:11. "Thv word
have I hid in mine heart that I might not sin against
thee." Again in John we road, chapter 8, verses 31 and
32, "Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on
Him, if ye continue in my word, then are ye my dis-
ciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth and the truth
shall make you free."
Constant meditation upon the truth of God makes a
Tlie truth is also a weapon of defense. It fortifies us
against doubt and skepticism. Jesus when tempted by
the devil iiurled at him the truth, "It is written thou
shalt not", and he fled away. If we would bo true we
must think upon the truth. This is the foundation of the
great pyramid of thought.
The next great stone in this pyramid is honesty.
Whatsoever things are honest. The great principal of
honesty is fixed in the human heart by thinking on
honest things. The poet says, "An honest man is the
noblest work of God." Shakespear says, "To be honest
as this world goes is to be one man picked out of ten
tliousands." God help us to be honest with our God. But
higher up in this pyramid is the stone of justice. In
Prov. 3:18 we read. "The path of the just is as the shin-
ing light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect
day." The path of the just is a narrow path but it is
lighted by the abiding presence of God. He who walks
in this path makes God's word the guide of his life. It
is his meat and drink each day, and his path grov/s
brighter and his Christian experience becomes broader
and sweeter as he nears the goal of life. He who would
be just must think on just things.
But still higher up in this pja^amid is the stone of
purity. This stone is an ornament to the whole struc-
ture. Henry Ward Beecher represents purity under
the figure of a virgin, "May I not," says he, "paint pur-
ity as a saintly virgin clothed in spotless white, walking
witii open face in an atmosphere so clear that no vapour
can stain it.
"Upon her lightning brow love proudly sitting
flames out in power shines out in majesty. Her steps
are a queen's steps, God is her father and thou her
brother if thou wilt make her thine. Let thy heart be
her dwelling, wear upon thy hand her ring and on thy
breast her talisman."
Jesus sa^'s, "Blessed are the pure in heart for they
shall see God." Paul's exhortation to Timothy was
''Keep thyself pure." If we would be pure, we must
think on pure things. God's greatest challenge to the
forces of evil, is an upright preacher. No preacher has a
moral right to form any habit that is objectionable to
the people to whom he speaks. The three special char-
acteristics of Christ's life were patience, purity and en-
durance. Every preacher should have these special
characteristics. Read what the Prophet Isaiah says of
the true preacher in Isaiah 52:7. "How beautiful upon
the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good
tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tid-
ings of good that publisheth salvation, that saith unto
Zion Thy God reigneth." Again in this pyramid is the
stone of loveliness. "Whatsoever things are lovely." The
character of Jesus Christ was the embodyment of love-
liness. We should strive to be like him.
Higher up still in thi^ pyramid is the stone of good
report. We should think on a good report and spread it
abroad. It is more than 1900 years since the report
came to the world that the plan of salvation was fin-
ished and yet some have never heard it because of the
negligence of Christian people.
How slow we are to spread a good report and yet
how diligent to ^^pread an evil report. Let us guard
against this by thinking more of good and less of the
evil. Lot us magnify tlie vn-LUOus. Finally think on
praiseworthy things. There is something that is praise-
worthy in every life if we can but see it and v/e can see
ic if wc will look for it.
When men do that wliich is worthy of praise let us
praise tliarn while they are living and not wait until
they are dead. A word of praise spoken at the proper
tirno may bring sunshine into a darkened heart. Let
us scatter seeds of kindness for our reaping by and by.
It is good to cover the graves of the dead with roses
bat it is far better to scatter roses in the pathway of
"If we knev/ the baby fingers,
pressed against the window pane
Would be cold and stiff tomorrow
Never trouble us again.
Would the bright eyes of our darling
Catch the frown upon our brow?
Would the prints of rosy fingers
vex us then as they do now
Ah! those little ice cold fingers.
How they point our memories back
To the hasty words and actions
Strewn along our backward track!
How those little hands remind us,
As in snowy grace they lie,
Not to scatter thorns — but roses
For our reaping by and by."
Sermon No. 13
Subject: EFFECTUAL PRAYER
Text: James 5: 16. Genesis 32: 24
We will give you three definitions of prayer.
1. "Prayer is the Soul's sincere desire,
Unuttered or expressed
The motion of a hidden fire
That trembles in the breast.
2. Prayer is the heaving of a sigh,
The falling of a tear
The upward glancing of an eye
When none but God is near.
3. Prayer is the Christian's vital breath,
The Christian's native air.
His watchword at the gate of death,
He enters heaven by prayer."
This text in James 5:16 is beautifully illustrated in
the wrestling of the angel with Jacob in Genesis, Chap-
ter 32 verses 24-30. There were tv\^o experiences in the
life of Jacob which he could not forget. The first de-
lightful experience which he had was when he lighted
upon a certain place after sunset when he was running
away from his own countr_y to escape death at the hands
of his angry brother whcrn he had cheated out of his old
father's blessing. In this strange place in the midst
of stones, some of which he put together to make a pil-
low he lay down to sleep. In his sleep he dreamed that
he saw a ladder whose top reached to lieaven and upon
this ladi_:or the angels of God were ascending and de-
scending. Jacob was praying and God answered his
prayer and niade this stony place a place of joy and
delight. Ee arose from his sleep and took one of the
stones whicii he had used for a pillow and set it up for
a monument, and said, "surely the Lord is in this place
and I Imevv it not, and he called the name of that place
Jacob went from this place down into the country
of his Uncle Laban and after he had been there for
some time L.i\d had married two of the daughters of his
uncle and had become very rich in flocks and herds,
Cod spoke to nim and asked him to go back to Bethel
and to his native land. He gathered nis flocks and herds
and his wives and children together and started on the
joiuney. C-n this journey he remembered that his
bunher Esau was still angry with him because he had
cheated him out of his fatiier's blessing years before.
He made the best provision he could by dividing up his
flocks and herds and his wives and children and prepar-
ing a gift for Esau and by a very earnest prayer and
then went over the brook Jabok where he met the angel
and was alone. It was there that he had the second
experience which he could not forget.
I am often asked "how may I learn to pray an ef-
fectual prayer?" In answer to this question I would
suggest that you read Matthew 6:6. The instruction
given by Jesus here is. "But then when thou prayest
enter into thy closet and when thou hast shut thy door
pray to thy Father in secret, and thy Father which seeth
in secret shall reward thee openly." Bear in mind two
thoughts here, it is difficult sometimes to shut out
thoughts of the world when we pray but we must do
that. Again the mind must be fixed on Jesus alone.
In order to learn to pray we must not only study tlio
instructions of Jesus in regard to prayer but study the
effectual fervent prayers of the Bible.
Note the prayer of Jacob in Genesis 32:11 and 12 be-
fore he met Esau. Also note the pra3^er of Daniel in
Note these points also, spend much time alone with
God in prayer. In this day of rush and liurry Christian
people do not spend enough time in secret prayer. Sev-
eral years ago I preached in the town of Maxton, N. C.
The good woman who kept the hotel there told mo that
she was very busy but felt the need often to leave her
work at the hotel and spend some time alone with God
in secret prayer. It was Mr. Mueller in England who
was superintendent of a great Orphans Home who said,
''The harder my work is during the day the more time
I spend in prayer." God supplied his needs in answer
Note the song "Take Time to hr Holy"— Two Stan-
zas, 1 and 2.
1. "Take time to be holy. Speak oft with thy Lord;
Abide in Hiir. alwa^^s. and teed on His word.
Make friends of God's children. Help those who are
Forgetting in nothing, His blessing to seek.
2. Tak-^ aniG to be holy, The world rushes on;
Spend much time in secret, With Jesus alone;
By looking to Jesus, Like Him thou shall be,
Thy friends in th}^ conduct. His likeness shall see."
In the State of Virginia several years ago there was
a man who had a large lumber business and had many
men in his employ but it is said that every morning
before jny ihing was done at his mill, or in the log
Vv^oods, he gathered his men together in a room and
prayed ih^it God would be with them and bless them
during the day. This man was said to be one of the
nio.;t successful lumber men in the State of Virginia.
Several years ago there Vv-as a merchant in the City
of Wilmington. N. C, v.'ho had a large store and many
cjerks in his employ but before a yard of cloth was
measured off or a pound of anything was sold, he gath-
ered his clerks together in a room and prayed that God
would be with them and make them honest and true
during the day. It is said that this was one of the most
successful merchants in Wilmington.
Brought Face to Face with Fearful Issues.
Note again that Jacob was brought face to face
with a fearful issue. It was an issue of life or death.
Not only was his own life in danger of being taken by
his angry brother but the lives of his wives and children
were also in danger. When a man is brought face to
face with a life or death issue he will pray as he has
never prayed before. If you have ever stood by the
bedside of a loved one v/hen the life of that one was
ebbing away you will understand what I mean. You
prayed then as you never prayed before. During the
late World War soldiers prayed in foxholes and wrecked
ships who never prayed in their lives before. It is
strange but true that sometimes we have to be forced
by circumstances to do the thing that is best for us and
the thing that we ought to do all the time — pray. Note
the last thought, Importunity in prayer. In Luke 6:12
and 13 we note that Jesus prayed all night before he
selected his twelve disciples. In Luke 18:1-9 we have
the account of a widow who came to an unjust judge
and asked him to avenge her of her adversary. He
would not for av^^hile, but after awhile he said, "though
I fear not God nor regard man yet because this widow
troubleth me I will avenge her lest by her continual
coming she worry me." And the Lord said hear what
the unjust judge saith, and shall not God avenge his
own elect v/hich cry day and night unto him, though
he bear long with them? I tell you that he will avenge
Doubtless most of you have heard of the great ser-
mon preached by Johnathan Edwards on the subject,
"The Sinner in The Hands of An Angry God." It is
said that his portrayal of the lake of fire was so vivid
that strong men grasped the backs of their seats lest
they should plunge head foremost into that awful place
of punishment. Back of this great sermon was the
power of prayer. Tlie Church began praying for the
service in the afternoon of the day before, prayed all
night and until eleven o'clock next day. Prayer will
open jail doors, change night to day and make of a
prison a palace.
The story is told of a young woman in a certain
community who was teacher of a Sunday School class
of girls and boys. While she was teaching this class
she was taken sick and died. Soon after her death a
revival meeting was held in the community. In this
revival every one of this girl's Sunday School class was
saved and but few out of the other classes. This was a
mystery to the whole church. In looking among the
books and papers that this girl had left they found this
resolution written in the girl's own hand writing.
"Resolved that I will pray every day for every member
Oi my Sunday School class until they are saved." This
revealed the secret. She had gone home to heaven with
a prayer on her heart for the :-;alvation of her Sunday
It is said that the last thing that the great Doctor
Sampey of our seminary did was to pray.
Note the result of Jacob's experience with the angel.
1. His name was changed. 2. His life was changed.
3. His life was preserved. The angel said to him "as a
prince hast thou power with God and with men and has
prevailed." A prince is a man who is in close touch with
the King. God is waiting to make a prince of each of
us if we will come into close touch with Him.
Sermon No. 14
Subject: THE CHILD'S RELATION TO THE
WORK OF MISSIONS
Text: A little child shall lead them. Isa. 11:6.
The greatest and most attractive thing in the world
is a little child. The little child in the manger at Beth-
lehem was the most attractive thing in the world. That
child attracted the Wise Men of the East and the shep-
herds from the surrounding hills. That child is not
dead but lives today and is represented by the little
child of today. In this eleventh chapter of Isaiah is a
picture of the little child in the midst of the wild beasts
of the field and even leading them. This little child is
typical of Christ's Kingdom on earth and of the influ-
ence of Christianity and of its subduing effects among
men. No amount of legislation can bring peace upon
earth, but it can come only through the power of Christ.
Jesus Christ says: "Peace I leave v/ith you; my Peace I
give unto you, not as the world giveth give I unto you."
The work of missions is a work of winning men to
Christ through the gospel. The work of God must be
mixed with faith and must be attended by the Holy
Spirit. Those who would win men to God must con-
tact them with a consciousness of their need of God and
must meet them with the compassion of Jesus manifest
in their eyes, their whole personality, and in their mes-
sage. In Psalms 126:6 we read: "He that goeth forth and
weepeth, bearing precious seeds shall doubtless come
again with rejoicing bringing his sheaves with him."
We note here some characteristics of child life. In
Matt. 18:2,3 when the disciples asked Jesus, "Who is
the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven, Jesus took a
little child and set him in the midst and said, "Verily,
verily I say unto you except ye be converted and be-
come as little children, ye shall not enter into the King-
dom of Heaven." The first characteristics of the little
child is humility. These disciples were discussing the
question of chief places in his Kingdom and Jesus used
tills little cliild to teach them a lesson in humility. The
second characteristic of the little child is receptiveness
of gospel truti'i. It is much easier to reach children with
the gospel than it is to reach grown people. The child
comes into the world v^ath its mind transformed into a
question mark and it wants to know things and is con-
stantly asking questions and these questions should be
answered with kindness and not with harshness. It is
of supreme importance to explain to the child the plan
of salvation so that it may believe the gospel and be
saved in early life. Those who are saved in childhood
make the best members of our churches. The next
characteristic of child life is the child's readiness to
forgive and forget injury. The children will be playing
and one child will fall out with another and run away
saying, "I will not play any more in your yard." But
she does not stay away very long. She is soon back in
the same yard playing with the same little friend. Her
anger is gone and her injury is forgotten. How differ-
ent it is sometimes with grown people. Sometimes they
fall out and it is very hard to get them together again
as friends. The teaching of Jesus is very clear and con-
vincing on this point and ought to be observed and put
The next characteristic of child life is it has strong
faith and believes that it can do great things in the
strength of God. It is full of hopefulness and courage.
We have an example of this in the children's crusade of
many years ago. The\^ believed that some of the sac-
red places of the world were trampled under foot and
set out to rescue these places and hundreds of them
died in the effort.
The next characteristic of child life is its simplicity
in its methods of work. The child believes in doing the
work of the Kingdom in the simplest possible way.
Wh^n a child is filled with the spirit of Christ, embar-
rassment is unknown. In Luke 2:49 we have an account
of Jesus at the age of 12 years in the temple hearing
and answering the questions of the wise men of his
day. Joseph and Mary, his father and mother had
missed him on their return home from Jerusalem and
when they returned to Jerusalem to search for him they
found him in the temple among the doctors of that day.
When his mother said to him, "Your father and I have
sought thee sorrowing." Then he said unto them: "How
is it that ye sought me? Wist ye not that I must be
about my Father's business?"
Just a few illustrations in regard to the work of
children in soul winning. It is said that when the
daughter of General Booth of the Salvation Army was a
small girl, she saw an officer taking a man to prison
for some crime in front of her home. She went to the
officer and asked permission to go with the prisoner to
jail. The officer tried to push her away but she held
on to the hand of the prisoner till they reached the door
of the jail and when the door was shut she came run-
ning back to her home just crying like her heart would
break for that poor prisoner. She afterwards became
the leader in the Salvation Army and one of the great-
est Christian workers m America. She was afterwards
killed in a railroad wreck and it is said that when she
lay a corpse strong men went by to view her body and
some of them wept upon her bosom until it was wet
with their tears. Some of them said, "I would not
have been anything but for her." She had lived for
God and for others, and God took account of it. Again,
several years ago a man and his wife and little child
were going through a western prison. When they were
going up the steps to an upper room in the prison the
guard or the man who was showing them through the
prison said to the little child, '"Let me carry you up
these steps." She looked up into his face and said,
"You are so much like Jesus to carry me in your arms
up these stairs." This was a simple message of Jesus
to his heart, and he said, "I am not like Jesus but would
like to be like him." Perhaps this little child had heard
how Jesus took the children in his arms and blessed
them. Through this simple message of this little child
thi: prison guard hardened in sin was convicted and
Again one day in a northern city a man who was
drunk was leaning against a telegraph pole when a
little child came along and said to him, "Mister, let me
sing a little song to you which I learned in Sunday
School. He told her to sing it, and as she sang he thought
of his own children whom he had deserted and dis-
graced by drink and he wept. When the little girl had
finished the song he asked her to sing it again. She sang
it again. It went like an arrow to his heart and he was
convicted and converted through the inl'luence of that
song. That man was John B. Gough, who afterwards be-
c.'irne one of the greatest temperance workers in
The work of the little child is not to be despised
because God uses it in his incoming Kingdom. We note
here the work of children in the matter of co-operation.
On Libby Hill near Richmond, Virginia, there stands a
beautiful monument erected to the memory of the Con-
federate soldiers. I was told that when that monument
was erected on that hill it was pulled up the hill on
tracks by six hundred children, each wearing a red and
white sash. These were the children of Confederate
soldiers. Each child pulled just a few pounds but did
his best. "A little child shall lead them." God will
honor our efforts if we will co-operate with Him and
with each other and bring in the Kingdom in His own
Sermon No. 15
Subject: COMPARISON OF FORCES FOR GOOD
Text: "Fear not for they that be with us are more than
they that be with them." II Kings 6:10.
At the time these words were spoken the forces of
the King of Syria were warring against the forces of
the King of Israel. The King of Syria had learned that
some one was acting as a champion for the army of
Israel. So the Syrian King asked his servents, "Who of
us is for the King of Israel," and they answered, "None,
oh, King but the prophet Elisha. He keeps the King of
Israel informed with reference to your plans." Then
said the King of Syria, "We shall send spies to find
where he dwells." These spies found him in Dothan.
Then the King of Syria sent a great force of horses and
soldiers and they surrounded the place by night. When
the servant of Elisha woke in the early morning, he
saw this great force surrounding the home of Elisha
and he said, "Alas, my master, how shall we do." and
he answered, "Fear not for they that be with us are
more than they that be with them."
Then Elisha prayed that God would open the eyes
of the young man that he might discover the forces of
God around them for their protection and God gave
the young man a vision of His forces surrounding them.
Ever since Adam and Eve sinned and were driven
out of the garden of Eden, we have had two forces in
the world. These two forces are active: the forces of
Evil and of Good. The forces of Evil are destructive;
the forces of Good are constructive. The devil is lead-
ing the forces of Evil. He has led these forces in all the
wars of all lands. God is leading the forces for Good
and nas always led them.
It is my purpose now to point out what I consider
the great outstanding evils of our time. The first one
of I he great outstanding evils of our time is the modern
picture show. It was established not for the good that it
would do but for the purpose of making money. It
seems to me that if thinking people would studj^ the
background of the modern picture show, they v/ould
not put their money into it. Some say it is an educa-
tional force. Yes, that maybe, but what kind of a force.
11 teaches boys to commit murder and to steal. If all
pictures V\^ere good and clean, it vv^ould be a great force
for good, but they are not. Sometimes they show a good
picture but this is done to attract good people, and if
a Christian goes to see one good picture, he subscribes
to all pictures that are shown in that theater, and,
con:-;equently, his Christian influence will trail in the
dust. "If thy brother be grieved v/ith thy meat now
walkest thou not charitably. Destroy not him with thy
meat for whom Christ died."' Romans 14:15. We must
not do anything to cause our influence as Christians
to trail in the dust.
The next great outstanding evil of our time is
poi-sonous literature. Establishments engaged in pub-
lishing cheap corrupt literature ought to be put out of
business, and can be, if people will stop buying it. Bad
literature poisons the mind. It has helped to fill insane
asylums, penitentiaries, alms houses, and dens of shame.
"The literature of a nation decides the fate of a nation.
The next great outstanding institution for evil are
the dance halls. These are instituted and are operated
not for good, but for evil. No one was ever made better
by dancing. Through the influence of a dance, John
the Baptist's head was severed from his body. It is a
reflection upon any town to say that it is a great dancing
The next places of evil are the gambling dens.
These are opened and patronized not for good but for
evi^ All gam.bling places and places for games ought
to be put out of business.
Tlie next places opened and patronized by the
forces of evil are the wine and beer joints. These places
have been opened in our state without the sanction of
law or order or of decent society and must and will be
put out of business at the earliest possible date. Thank
God, some of our people are waking up v/ith reference
to this evil.
The next great outstanding evil of our time is the
ABC Store. This is a worse evil than the old saloon of
former ytars ever was. It is demoralizing and expensive
in the extreme. There are two sides to these stores:
the front side and the back side. The income and the
outgo. North Carolina spent last year more than $95,
884,000 in order tha^ the state might receive in taxes the
sum of $8,064,373.00. In 1934, the last year of prohibi-
tion, the people of the United States, consumed in al-
co.holic bevert=ges 38,,000,000 gallons. During tlie last
fiscjl year the people of the United States consumed
173,000,000 gallons. What about the output of the ABC
Stores and of tlie whiskey business? It causes 90 per
cent of the crimes of our country. It increases the num-
ber of paupers, fills our jails and penitentiaries, and
wrecks our homes. Under prohibition we had empty
jails and poor houses, and fewpeople were killed by
drunken drivers on our highways. How about it now?
We must destroy the whiskey traffic, or it will destroy
our nation. Let us hear the word of God on this subject:
"vvoe unto him that giveth his neighbor drink, that
puttest thy bottle to himi and maketh him drunken also,
thou i nay est look on their nakedness." Habakuk 2:15.
The next gigantic evil of our time is the cigarette.
TiiG tobacco campanies and the manufacturers of cig-
arettes are trying to put a cigarette in the corner of
eveiy man's and every woman's mouth in order to
fill ti.eir coffers with money, regardless of the effects
ol them. By this habit of smoking, nien and women are
killing themselves on the installment plan. The mothers
vv^ho smoke cigarettes are not only killing themselves,
but are destroying their offspring before the}' are born
by Lhe nicotine from the cigarettes. If this continues,
how about the great men of the future? Such men as
Webster, Jefferson, Clay, Calhoun and Washington.
From what source can they come? Let us hear the Vv'ord
of God on this subject: "What? Know ye not that your
body is the temple of the Holy Ghost, v/hich is in you,
which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?" I
Cor. G:19. The advertising of whiskey and cigarettes
io a tremendous power for evil and ought to be stopped
by public opinion and by legislation,
il. Let us consider now the forces for Good.
I. Thj fir.'it of these is the home and home influ-
ences. Some one has said that "To Adam and Eve Para-
dioC was home. To the Christian home is paradise." The
old fashioned homes where love, joy and happiness
\.'ere locind is almost a thing of the past. Where there
are children, it is and ought to be a place of training.
The road to Heaven begins in the home if it begins at all.
It i^ the place where children ought to be trained for
God and for God's v.a")rk. The well-regulated home is the
great buhwaik of our civilization. Destroy the home and
you will destroy the nation.
II. The next great force for good is the church.
When Christ established the church He said: "Thou an
Peter and upon this rock I will build my church and the
gates of Hell shall not prevail against it." Matt. 16:18.
Some one has said that "The church holds the balance of
power in Anrerica." The church of today Vvould she but
use her pov.'er. It could mould public sentiment, could
outline state and national legislation and control the
business in the marts of trade. "It is time for the mil-
lions of professors of religion in America to take sides."
HI. The next great force for good in our da}' is the
Christian school. So long as our Christian schools are
kept free from errors in doctrine, we have in them a
great and powerful source of truth and a tremendous
force for good. The Christian school teacher occupies a
very important place among us and deserves our highest
IV. The next great force for good today are the
Christian societies. There are many of them and they
are doing a great work among the young people. Per-
haps the greatest one of them at the present time is
the Youth for Christ Movement. This movement is be-
ing carried into every country and is doing a great work
among the young people.
V. The next great force for good today is the Christ-
ian press. There is a greater demand for the Bible and
it is being more widely distributed today than ever
before. It is said that the Bibles and tracts sent out by
the American Bible Society are read in almost every
land. Ihe Bible is carrying the sunlight of God's truth
to almost every shore. The printing press of today is
exerci-ing a tremendous power. If we can get our law
makers to carry a copy of the Bible with them to Ral-
eigh and to Washington, they will make wholesom^e
lav/s for us, if they will read it. The printing press will
lift up our whole nation if God controls it.
Again let us note that the Syrian King sent spies
to find where Elisha was located so that they might
stop him in his vv^ork. So today the devil sends spies to
the home of the Man of God who is loyal to the work
of God and is endeavoring to declare the whole truth.
The evil forces today surround the Man of God and tr^^
to Ltop him but God is leading these forces for good
and will finally destroy the forces for evil. Elisha pray-
ed that God would open the eyes of the young" man who
stood with him that he might see the forces of God
which surrounded them. What we need today is a clear
vision of God's forces which surround us. The arniies
of the Living God are going forth conquering and to
conquer. God will destroy those evils we have men-
tioned if we will ask him to do it. In order to fully
appreciate the forces for truth, we must behold them
with a spiritual eye. Everlasting defeat will come to
the whiskey evil and every other evil if people will
only vote as thev pray.
An address delivered ai Wake Forest College Com-
mencement on the 28th of May, 1896.
Subject: THE PERSONAL ELEMENT IN
Character is a man's real self. It. is a structure of
great complexity. Into this complex structure many
elements enter. It is the personal element that I am now
to speak. This personal element may present itself in
several different phases, such as energy, perseverance
and tenacy. Under these different phases this element
is developing and giving symmetry and increased
strength to the whole structure. In this brief discussion
I shall notice character or true manhood as the basis
of all true success giving prominence and emphasis to
the personal element. Furthermore I shall use the
terms failure, success, fame, and victory to represent
different stages in the process of character building.
There are also certain influences under which character
is shaped and moulded that are woiihy of notice. The
beginning of life is the beginning of character building.
The personality of this delicate yet powerful structure
manifests itself in earlj^ life. Even a child is known by
hi? doings. No star of Bethlehem may mark the birth
and yet the world may feel the power of the life.
Obscurity of orgin has nothing to do with a man's
success or failure. Some of the brightest stars of the
world's firmament today have arisen from the darkest
horizon. Of this fact, illustrations are abundant. Our
martyr president of 1865 is an example. By hard honest
toil he went from a log cabin in Kentucky to the White
House in Wasiiington as president of the United States.
In liis early life he possessed the true spirit of manhood.
His books were few and his educational advantages
limited yet it was his good fortune to have within his
reach the Bible and the biographies of Washington and
Franklin and from these books came the inspiration ol
his early life. His wellfounded determination and his
earnest efforts won for him the leadership of this great
nation. When stricken by the assasin's bullet, some said
that "life was an accident," but Charles Sumner said,
"There are no accidents in the providence of God. Such
lives as that of Abraham Lincoln are not accidents in
American History. They are rather the great books
from whose pages we catch inspiration, and in which we
read God's purposc-s for the progress of the human
race." Each man is the master of his own fate. "H we
are underlings, it is not in our stars but in ourselves."
Favorable circumstances more often hinder than help.
The fact that a man's parents are poor does not fore-
doom him to failure. Nor does the fact that a man's par-
ents are rich insure him success. How often it happens
that tlie rich self— styled genius advertised by a walking
cane and a cigarette in the corner of his mouth meets
tne poor plodder and together they enter college, hav-
ing equal opportunities. This genius laughs at his plod-
ding brother, but wait awhile and you vv'ill see the
genius linking into poverty and obscurity while the
plodder by hard work is rising with increased strength
at every step and making his way to the heights of fame.
Why this difference? It is certainly not a difference of
talent but of purpose and of energy. The rich genius
depends upon his money, the poor plodder upon his
own brain and muscle. He who wills to be great maj^
be great. A man may go from a hovel of obscurity to a
th.rone of power. The inventor of the engine which
draws the heav}^ trains of cars across the continent
was a man of humible origin. The famous electrician
Thom.as A. Edison began life as a poor boy. At the, age
of 12, he vv^as selling papers on the Grand Trunk Rail-
road and using his odd minutes to study chemistry. He
turned an old baggage car into a laboratory and for fear
somebody would touch his chemicals he labled every
bottle "poison." Through his little knov/iedge of print-
ing and telegraphy, he invented an instrument where-
by four messages can be sent over the same wire at
once. Of his otlier inventions, I need not speak. In this
connection, you will naturally think of the lowly be-
ginning of that life which was to light the world
through all the ages.
In character it is necessary to choose the right pro-
fession, and thus act for God and humanity. First, find
out what you can do and then do it, is the watchword of
the century. Do not wait for greater opportunities, but
seize those within your reach and use them to the best
advantage. In the words of Lowell, "The busy world
shoves angrily aside the man who stands with arms
akimbo set until occasion tells him what to do. And he
who waits to have his task marked out shall die and
leave his errand unfulfilled." What men want is not
talent so much as purpose, active purpose. Not so
much the power to achieve as the will to labor. The
chief difference between the great and the insignificant
man is energy, invincible energy, and an honest pur-
pose once formed; then, death or victory.
If others do not help you, help yourself. Nobody
can help a man half so effectively^ as himself. But some
complain of poverty. I know that many have entered
life whose hearts were full of celestial fire and whose
hand the rod of empire might have swayed, "But
knowledge to their eyes his ample page rich with the
spoils of time did ne'er unroll. Chill penny repressed
their noble rage, and froze the genial current of the
soul." But why should a man whine under poverty as a
hound under his owners whip? Poverty is indeed a
barrier but one which can be surmounted by earnest
effort. Poverty is the school in which men learn to de-
pend upon themselves. The little boy who went through
the city of Philadelphia with a loaf of bread under each
aim afterwards became a statesman honored and loved
by the American people. He went into the world trust-
ing" in no eailhly arm but his own. The eloquent senator
from Massachusetts under the influence of whose
speeches strong men wept like children arose from
obscurity. One of the greatest ua^iters of our century
op.ce when dining behind a screen because he was too
ragged to show his face, was made happy by hearing
his praises spoken. The repressing power of poverty is
limited. It more often helps than hinders. Every man
as he goes forth in the morning of life lays the moulding
hand upon liis o\\n destiny. It is not the province of
colleges and seminaries to make men but only to afford
them the opportunity to make themselves. Some men's
idea of education is that it can be transferred from
teacher to pupil as molasses from one jug into another.
Knowledge must be acquirred by earnest personal
exertion. Some one has said "learning by study must
be won, "Twas ne'er entailed fi'om sire to son. For the
man of thought, of piet\' and of energy; this is not an
i'ge to dream idly of the good old times, but age of
opportunities, of possibility, and of grand achieve-
ments." He who under God labors to develop his own
faculties cannot really fail.
But sometimes amidst the success there will come
what seems to be failures but they are only blessings in
disguise. See the young man as he stands amid the
wreckage of his fondest hopes. He realizes the bitter-
ness of defeat. But he has not really failed. He has only
b?on humbled and humility is the basi.-:; of all true
success. "If the young man's tongue had not stammered
and his first speeches been unsatisfactory the world
would never have known the prince of Greek orators."
Upon the ruins of many a failure are erected structures
that will outlive all time."
Misfortune destroys self-conceit but quickens en-
ergy and strengthens determination.
But perhaps the greatest moulding influences under
which men build character is that of opposition. Op-
position strengthens and develops men. It is like the
chisel in the hand of the sculptor. When Horace Greeley
was a boy, working in a printing office in the city of
New York, some of his co-laborers laughed at his
flaxen hair and besmeared it with ink, thinking to
intimidate and discourage him. But he was made of
sterner stuff. He washed his hair and worked on and
built for himself a character which has left its impress
upon the hearts and lives of the American people.
"Samson like we may slay the lions of opposition and
eat honey from their carcasses."
I have read that the strong reef-building species
of coral thrives best in the dashing waves on the outer
portion of the serf. Physicists tell us that the moi'e we
try to destroy the tenacity of a substance the more we
increase it. "No man can be kept from being a man."
There is no power beneath the throne of heaven that
can snatch victory from the grasp of him who has
grace, grit, and common sense." In the words of Milton,
"Yea, even that which mischief meant most harm,
ch:dl in the happy trial prove most glory."
Address No. 2
THE MAN FOR THE HOUR
The remarkable bravery of an American general
of Revolutionary fame in the state of S. C. in the de-
fense of the rights and liberties of his country has giv-
en rise to the subject, "The Man for the Hour."
Both in war and in peace our country's call is for
men. Earnest, active, consecrated men. Men of sterl-
ing integrity and solidity of character. Men of en-
durance. Men of virtue. Men who shrink not from
any duty however menial or arduous. Men thoroughly
equipped for an honorable vocation. In the wars of past
history there have alwaj's been men for the hour.
In the disastrous battle of Waterloo, Wellington
spent almost the entire day in the face of defeat. At 4
o'clock in the afternoon, two of his foremost generals
had i::llen. Sabers were broken, flags surrendered.
Only forty-two men left of the German brigade. The
English army falling back. Napoleon rubbed his hands
together and said, 'Aha! aha! We'Jl teach that little
Englishman a lesson." Ninety chances out of a hundred
in our favor." He even sent messages lo Paris to say
he had won the day. But before sundown Blucher came
up with his army and saved the day. And he who had
been the conqueror of Austerlitz became the victim of
Waterloo. All because one man met his opportunity.
Putnam, Lafayette, and Washington, were men for
Dewey and Hobson distinguished themselves at
Manila and Santiago because they met their opportuni-
ty. It takes men who can breakfast in the midst of
battle and then whip a whole nation, to succeed in
warfare. For such men, is the demand of the times.
The choice of a profession in the first place is a
matter of great importance. In this choice one need
not expect to find a vocation that isn't already crowded
with professionals. At the foot of the ladder of suc-
cess in any calling there is a crowd scrambling for a
place. But said the immortal Webster, "There is plenty
of room at the top."
This is an age of specialists. The man who tries to
follow everything in general and nothing in particular
will fail. Every man should have in view some special
calling and for that calling make the best possible
The business man of today finds a need of special
preparation for his work. He is confronted with sharp
competition. How to meet this competition is a great
To do this he must study the laws of trade. He
must have his business well in hand. He must be ac-
curate in his accounts, kind and courteous in his man-
ners, and strickly honest in his dealings. He must do
business on the plane of his fellow men. He must take
advantage of every opportunity to make a sale. He
must adapt himself to circumstances.
A certain enterprising commercial traveller in
England went into a village to represent his establish-
ment. On his arrival he learned that the shop-keeper
was at a celebration a mile out of town. He at once
set out for the spot and arrived just in time to see his
shopkeeper climb into a balloon for an ascension. He
stepped forward, paid his fare and climbed into the
car. Away went the balloon and it was hardly above
tlie tree tops when the commercial man turned to his
iistonisiied victim and said with an air of triumph,
"And now, Sir, what can I do for you in Calicoes?" He
v/as the man for the hour.
An organ drummer on entering a small town in
N. C. inquired into the prospects for trade in his line.
One of the merchants sent him to a miserly man who
was never known to spend money for luxuries. But
the organ dealer was equal to the occasion. He under-
stood the trick. He drove up to the house, jumped out
of his wagon, went in and introduced himself. After a
few pleasant words the old man said gruffly, "What ye
got in that wagon?" The organ dealer said, "I have an
organ for sale ,but your neighbors tell me you are too
poor to buy." "Bring that organ in here. Said the old
man, "and I'll show 'em whether or not I am too poor
to buy." The organ was brought in and a cash sale
made. There is nothing like having your business
thoroughly in hand.
The farmer who is successful must have his work
well in hand. Solomon says, "The sluggard will not
plough by reason of the cold, therefore shall he beg in
harvest and have nothing. I went by the field of the
slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of under-
standing; and, lo, it was all grown over with thorns,
and nettles had covered the face thereof, and the
stone wall thereof was broken down."
Some one has said, "He that by the plow would
thrive must either hold or drive." This truth will apply
in every secular pursuit.
The houses of Mr. George W. Vanderbilt near
Asheville, N. C. are covered with tiling. The process
of making this tiling was discovered by Northern
work men. Men who were up to date in their profes-
sion. Anybody can build a hut, but it takes skilled
workmen to build a palace. Anybody can construct a
toy wagon, but it takes a George Stephenson or a
James Watt, to build and manage a steam engine.
All the discoveries of the past century were made
by men who were able to discover opportunities. Ben-
jamin Franklin discovered the method of conducting
and controlling the lightning from seeing a little boy
flying his kite. By making a kite of silk he played
with the lightning. The great inventor, Thomas A. Edi-
son has brought the world under lasting obligation to
himself by his wonderful discoveries. He was a genius
of the highest order but it was only by constant appli-
cations to his task that he succeeded. He had the power
to discern opportunities. He throughly prepared him-
self for his work.
The recent discovery of a new star in the heavens
increasing from the tenth to the first magnitude has
attracted no little attention among the astronomers.
This discovery was made by men who were thoroughly
prepared for their work. They were wide awake and
constantly scanning the heavens. In this way men
make themselves famous.
Some one has said, "Get ready thy spindle and dis-
taff and God will send thee flax." Wait not to have
your task marked out. It is waiting for you. Get ready
for it. Learn to discover it. In the words of Lowell,
''The busy world throws angrily aside, the man who
stands with arms akimbo set. Until occasion tells him
what to do. And he who waits to have his task marked
out, Shall die and leave his errand unfulfilled."
Men are striving harder to obtain positions than
they are to get ready for positions. There is always a
place for the man who is prepared for and worthy of
Too many are influenced by the "Short cut" idea
to an education. They are unwilling to spend the time
for thorough preparation. It takes time to become a
scholar. Many a student has hurried through college
and come out with a diploma bigger than the man,
Jonah's gourd grew in a night but it took a century
to grow the oak of Hebron. Ladies and Gentlemen,
when you leave school and enter active life, the ques-
tion will rarely be asked, "Where did you attend col-
lege, how long did you remain in college and with what
degree did you graduate?" But the question, "Whiat can
you do? What service can you render to make the
worldbetter?" To this question you will be expected
to give a practical answer. Lay hold of your work and
do it with an invincible energy.
In the political arena there is a great demand for
men. Ready men. Men of firm conviction. Men who
think and act for themselves. Some politicians are like
the little boy's monkey. They move when someone
pulls the string. Their minds are like a feather bed, to
be made up every morning by a money king. Personal-
ly I have no patience with the man who doesn't think
and act for himself.
In history we have many examples of men for the
hour in politics. The illustrious statesman Patrick
Henry in convention at Richmond, moved by his elo-
quence a whole body of delegates to draw up and
adopt the Declaration of Independence. In the midst
of cries of treason, he urged his countrymen to stand
by their brethren already in the field. He dared to
speak his sentiments.
The honored "mill boy of the slashes" had honest
convictions and stood to them. He sought not the
laurels of success, but success itself. In a speech de-
livered at Lexington, Kentucky, at the age of 22, he
so stirred the emotions of his auditors that they took
liim on their shoulders, put him in a carriage and drew
him through the town mid shouts of applause. Ho was
the man for the hour.
We have in Andrew Jackson another good illus-
tration of a ready man. Born amid humble circum-
stances yet having in him the elements of a man, he
came to the front as a statesman. When he entered
the practice of law at Nashville, Tennessee, he met
with stern opposition. But with an invincible deter-
n'iination, and the courage of a hero, he rose to promi-
Again may I ask you to look with me into the
Senate Chamber at Washington. There stands the
Orator and statesman, Daniel Webster. In childhood,
he was a handy "lad." And when he grew up he sought
the best possible preparation for his life work. He was
a man who belonged to no man or set of men. He
called no man master. Under his masterly speech in
the Senate on the preservation of the union, strong
men wept like children. He was the man for the hour.
"For the man of thought, of piety and of energy,
this is not an age to dream idly of the good old times,
but an age of opportunity and of grand achievements."
There is great demand for men who are loyal to
themselves, to their country, and to their God,
Let me say in passing that every man should be
a man for the hour socially. No cultured gentleman
would think of putting his feet upon the center table
when he calls on his best girl. That would not be a
mark of good taste, and politeness. Attention to little
courtesies and acts of kindness in society go far to-
ward establishing a man in his vocation. He who suc-
ceeds must do it on the plane of his fellowmen.
Again there is a demand for men of the hour in
religion. No man can afford to disregard the claims of
God upon him in any vocation. Music teachers and
choir leaders should be prepared for any emergency.
Sometimes they are asked to play or sing in a home.
For this they ought to be prepared. A man's ability in
any profession is determined by what he is able to do
on the spur of the moment.
It is said that the great violinist Paganinni was
asked to play on a very important occasion. At the
first stroke of the bow a string broke. He appeared
abashed. At another stroke of the bow a second string
broke. He appeared still more abashed. Then a third
string broke. Many in the audience jeered and hissed.
But he was equal to the emergency. For with the one
string left he made music so charming that he com-
pletely captured his audience, and many were melted
"Christianity had its Paul, Protestantism its Luth-
er, English freedom its Cromwell, American liberty
its Washington, each in the very hour when he was
Finally, there is great need of ready men in the
ministry. The preacher who is thoroughly prepared
for his work will find plenty of work to do. It is not
always convenient for a man to have his notes or his
manuscript at hand. It is well therefore to have the
sermon in the head and heart.
It is said that a certain preacher was preaching
once with his manuscript before him. He had discussed,
his firstly, secondly and had reached thirdly. At this
moment a breeze passing through the church carried
his manuscript through the window unobserved. Said
he, "I come now to thirdly." But on looking round he
noticed that his manuscript was gone. An old sister in
the Amen corner seeing his embarrassment, said, "Pas-
tor, I saw tihrdly go through the window a while ago."
Society, the church, the state, the world, need the
man for the hour.
"Woulds't thou make thy life a poem,
Or a painting sweet and grand?
Woulds't thou scatter rays of sunshine
Through this world on every hand?
Then wait not upon the coming
Of something great across thy way;
But without a thought of blessing.
Do thy duty day by day."
Address No. 3
THE PHILOSOPHY OF A SMILE
I. Kind Of Smiles:
(a) The Assumed Smile -
(b) The Smile Of Sarcasm
(c) The Smile Of Disapproval
(d) The Smile Of Approval
(e) The Smile Of Affection
II. The Subjective Benefits Of A Smile:
III. The Objective Benefits Of A Smile
THE PHILOSOPHY OF A SMILE
Shakespeare has one of his characters say, "If ye
have tears prepare to shed them now." We would say,
"If ye have smiles prepare to let them play upon your
Doubtless all of us have heard the old proverb,
"Laugh and grow fat," but how many of us have heard
the new proverb, "Smile and grow healthy?"
The world is full of smiles. They play upon the
face of nature. The rose of the garden, the lily of the
field — each surpasses in beauty the finest production
of the artist. It was God who filled the world with
Lmiles. By a touch of his finger he put the beautiful
tint on the petals of the rose and the gorgeous hue on
the lily. He gave fragrance to the lilac and a dainty
odor to the honeysuckle. Nature as a lovely, blushing
maiden stands before us asking the simple to study her
character. He who studies her must become wiser and
Each smile on the face of nature has its philosophy.
Its own peculiar character. Each makes its own im-
pressions. As flowers differ in character so impres-
sions differ in kind. The impressions of the blushing
rose differ from those of the fragrant lily. In the char-
acter of the flowers there is unity. In their impres-
Like the little flower man came fresh and pure
from the hand of God. In an Eden of loveliness he
began his career. The smiles of Paradise adorned his
life. Each smile met a response. Perchance a smile
played upon the faces of Adam and Eve when God
came to dwell with them in the garden. Then every-
thing was pure. There was only one kind of smile.
But a change has been wrought. Eden has been spoiled
by evil. Evil has changed unity to diversity. The
track of the serpent is seen everywhere. As in nature
so among men. In smiles as in everything else there
The smile is primarily produced by impressions
made upon the brain. These impressions are carried
to the face by means of nerves, and we smile or frown
according to the character of the impressions. As im-
pressions differ in character so smiles differ in kinds.
Let us look at the different kinds of smiles.
F'irst we have the assumed sinile. This is the smile
of the hypocrite. This was the smile of Judas in the
betrayal. It is the agenc}^ of deception. With thi^^
smile flirtation is practiced.
I knew a young lady once, about six-feet tall, who
could "out-flirt" Queen Elizabeth, and "out-smile"
Aphrodite. She was pretty and she knew exactly how
it was done.
Young ladies, don't take advantage of innocence.
Young gentlemen, don't trifle with affection. For it is
a serious thing. How often it happens that prospects
are blighted forever thorugh this process. A.t this point
we might say a word about flattery and flatterers.
"Flatterers," says a writer, "affect the innocence of a
dove to hide the cunning of a serpent." The following
is a satire on flatterers:
"The monkey was once employed to paint por-
traits. He gave the donkey long ears; the lion his
shaggy mane; the wolf his sly, deceitful look. As a
result criticisms were abundant and complaints loud.
The fox took up the profession. He shortened the ears
of the donkey; gave the lion a look of majesty; took
away the blood-thirsty appearance of the tiger; and
the wolf could hardly be distinguished from the faith-
ful watch-dog. The fox became famous as a painter.
But the monkey had no other employment except to
paint sheep, horses, and other useful animals. We
sometimes think that we hate flattery but we only hate
the way in which we are flattered. There is something
in us that heartily responds to flattery."
This story was told by a missionary:
A Chinaman, dressed in his best apparel, visits his
neighbor. After the usual word of greeting, he takes a
seat. About this time the host has occasion to go into
the next room for a brief period. In the meantime, a
rat ran across a beam overhead and upset a jar of oil
upon the guest. When the host returned he said v/ith
a look of surprise, "Why, what has happened?" "Noth-
ing," said the guest with an assumed smile, "except
your most honorable rat in running across your most
exalted beam has turned over your most valuable oil
upon these miserable rags of mine."
In the second place we have the smile of sarcasm.
This smile is partially real. It is produced by an un-
pleasant impression. This smile is seen upon the face
of the politician when his opponent has beaten him in
the argument. His reasoning is deficient and he resorts
to sarcasm to supply the deficiency. With cutting re-
marks and with a smile of sarcasm he attempts to set
at naught his opponent together with the cause which
he advocates. It is an indication of weakness.
This smile is also seen upon the face of the preacher
when his brother, of another faith, has upset his false
theories in religion; or when he has heard that Aunt
Sally Smith and Deacon Jones have criticised his ser-
mons. In carefully selected phrases he expresses to
them his devotion. This smile borders on the frown.
It is like a serpent with a sting in both head and tail.
It is repulsive in character.
Again, we have the smile of disapproval. This smile
is real. It is produced by an unfavorable impression.
We sit in judgment upon the acts of others. We have
our own standard of right. When others act contrary
to that standard we disapprove their conduct. If based
on truth, our standard of right is correct; if based on
error, it is false. If correct the standard, how valuable
the smile! With this smile the mother turns the foot-
steps of the child from evil. In it there is no sting. It
may make wounds, but they are easily healed. They
are the faithful wounds of a friend. The motive that
prompts it is pure. A desire for the welfare of its ob-
ject. It has often saved a life from evil.
Again, we have the smile of approval. This smile
is real, and is produced by a favorable impression. In
this case, as in the other, we sit in judgment upon the
acts of others. We approve their conduct by our own
standard of right. If our standard be correct we do
well to smile upon things in accord with it. The smile
of approval makes its own peculiar impression. It is
sought by all. If we have done well we like to have
the smile of approval from those about us. It is far
reaching in its influence. It makes heroes, statesmen,
orators, and poets. In the days of chivalry the gallant
knight would splinter his lancet in the tournament to
gain the smile of approval from his lady-love. It gives
strength to the arm that wields the sword; nerve to the
hand that holds the plow; facility to the pen that makes
a nation's record; and courage to the messenger of glad
tidings. There always should be a smile upon our faces
for deeds that bring blessings to the world.
Again, we have the smile of affection. This smile
is decidedly real. It is produced by impressions that
have ripened into love. The impressions of a beautiful
character produces this smile. It comes with rays of
sunshine. It is a tonic of the home life; the cordial of
society. It restrains from evil. It consoles in trouble.
In it many a noble deed has had its origin. It flows
from the deepest and tenderest emotions of the human
heart. In this original poem we have an illustration:
They sat alone beneath the shade,
As smiles upon their faces played.
They spoke of flowers and singing birds,
With Oh, such tender loving words.
They spoke of hills and valleys green
With verdure richer never seen,
Of nature robed in beauty rare,
Of sweetest music in the air.
He gazed upon her tender cheek,
With countenance so calm and meek.
Said he, "Of all the maidens fair
You are the fairest, I declare."
She smiling" said with tender grace,
"Tis not all in a pretty face;
But they are the fairest of the fair
Whose life's stern duties nobly share."
By observation you may notice the smile of affec-
tion on the face of someone here to-night. She looks
at him and he smiles. He looks at her and she smiles.
They look at each other and both smile. It is in this
way that mathematics are changed. Two united be-
comes one. This was the smile of God as He looked
upon the work of creation and saw that it was good. It
is the smile of innocence and purity.
Let us now notice the subjective benefits of a smile.
These are not to be under estimated!
The smile helps us physically. It aids digestion.
Those who smile are not troubled with dyspepsia. The
meal time should be the happiest time in the day. A
melancholy countenance is always out of place at the
table. It is a foe to good health. But a smile is always
in place. It is an excellent flavoring to the sauce. Some
people seem to think that sadness is an indication of
religion. It is more often an indication of a disordered
liver. Happiness is an indication of religion. "A merry
heart doeth good like a medicine." Therefore, "Smile
and grow healthy."
It pays to smile, furthermore, because of its whole-
some mental effects. A pleasant smile is the indication
of pleasant thoughts, and pleasant thoughts elevate
character. In joy there is strength. The student who
smiles will surpass others in his work.
Give me the man who smiles at his work
His duties he will never shirk;
But all the while be faithful and true
To whatever task he may find to do.
It also helps us morally to smile. It helps us to
cultivate a pleasant and sociable disposition. A pleas-
ant smile leaves its impression upon our character and
makes us better. The smiling soul will reach a noble
Finally, I call attention to the objective benefits of
a smile. The benefits which come to others — "Laugh
and the world laughs with you, weep and you weep
alone." Someone says that, the world is a looking glass
and gives back to every man the reflection of his own
face. Frown at it and it will turn and look surly upon
you; laugh at it and with it and it will be a pleasant
and kind companion." "A pleasant smile is the world's
sunshine." It always meets a response. It is attractive.
It unites people. "As in water, face answereth to face,
so the heart of man to man." A cheerful countenance
often makes a merry heart." As iron sharpeneth iron
so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend."
The humble Nazarene rejoiced in spirit even in contem-
plation of the cross. Smile and the world will be
brighter every day. Smile and the clouds will break
away. Make the world happy by smiles and by songs.
The time may be short though the way may be long.
Therefore, what I say unto you, I say unto all, smile!
Address No. 4
TIME, TACT AND TALENT
(This address was delivered at the Shenandoah
Institute Commencement, Dayton, Va., May 28th, 1901.)
The great English poet has said, "This world's a
stage upon which every man is an actor." Whether his
talent be great or small he must play his part. The
season for his activities is exceedingly brief. Time may
be considered under three aspects, viz: Its meaning, its
brevity, its value.
What is the meaning of time to the man of thrift
and industry? It is a succession of opportunities. As
a flowing stream it glides gently by, leaving upon its
bosom opportunities which like particles of gold, may
be gathered and moulded into vessels of honour. To
the busy man it means opportunity for the developrnent
of character. It is the warp of life, into wdiich a gar-
ment for eternity is to be woven. Like the meteor glare
it flashes upon us for a moment, then fades away for-
ever. A particle, a speck, a mite, of endless years. A
season fair for living well. It is the only little fragment
of eternity that belongs to men. When given it can
never be recalled. It is the present hour. It is a book
in which life's history is written. In consideration of
its value, what is it worth? Ask the sages and philoso-
phers of past centuries. They answer, its value cannot
be estimated. By using bits of time men have built
for themselves lasting monuments. If by wisdom
gained, it is virtue's highest prize. A treasure of in-
finite value. If through folly lost, it is an irrecoverable
loss. "Every moment lost," said Napoleon Bonapart,
"gives an opportunity for misfortune." He declared
that he beat the Austrians because they never knew the
value of time. To the man who lives to eat and fill up
space, time is nothing. By him it is wasted. But to
the man of talent and industry it is something to be
used. In its use good judgment and common sense must
control. No man who lacks these can ever become
great. It takes a great deal more than one hundred and
fifty pounds of flesh to make a man. It takes brain as
well as muscle. A man must learn to meet the oppor-
tunity when it presents itself.
Men fail not so much from a lack of opportunity as
from a lack of ability to meet the opportunity.
"Opportunity said the ancients, has hair in front,
behind she is bald; if you seize her by the forelock you
may hold her, but if suffered to escape, not Jupiter him-
self can catch her again." Men become great not by
accident but by meeting their opportunities. When the
man, the task, the opportunity meet on happy agree-
ment success must follow. "Redeem the time," said
the great Apostle. Use it in the development of char-
II. To every man the great creator has given nat-
ural endowments. These are as sound as life itself.
These are given for development. For this development
there are splendid opportunities. These endowments
are best developed along special lines. Every man
should be a specialist. So man can follow half a dozen
different pursuits and succeed at any of them. Fur-
themore, this is an age of individuality. An age in
which special emphasis is laid upon individual effort.
The individual is the unit in society.
In the moulding and shaping of character a thou-
sand influences are exerted. Some of them very great.
But however great these influences may be, it is nev-
ertheless equally clear that men must necessarily be
the active agents of their own well-being and well-do-
ing. They must be their own best helpers. It is not
the province of colleges and seminaries to make men,
but only to help them to make themsel; es. Every young
man should learn first of all the three most important
lessons, self-help, self-respect, and self-dependence.
These are the three kej^s to success in any departm.ent
of work. "Ever}' man," says a writer, 'has two educa-
tions, one which he receives from others, and one more
important which he gives to himself." "The best part
of every man's education," sa;7s Sir Walter Scott, "is
that part which he gives to himself."
By having every avenue of the soul open to receive
knowledge, one may learn much from observation.
Some one has said, "It is the close observation of little
things which is the secret of success, in business, in
art, in science, and in every pursuit in life."
Thomas A. Edison, the great inventor, was a great
genius, but also a man of careful observation. He kept
his eyes open and learned from every source. He
learned the art of printing from seeing men at work in
a printing office. It was by observation that some of
the great discoveries of the world have been made.
Men also learn by application in the school of ex-
"The superficial person who has obtained many
things but knows nothing well may find himself or his
gifts, but the sage himself confesses that he knows
nothing; or like Newton that he has only been engaged
gathering shells by the seashore while the great ocean
of truth lies all unexplored before him."
Men become great by constant and long continued
application. In this age of rush and vigorous activity
the short cut idea to greatness has a wonderful influ-
ence. We are unwilling to take time for thorough
preparation. It takes time and labor to become a
scholar. A mushroom may grow in a night, but it takes
a century to grow an oak.
Dr. Johnson, in speaking of the short cut idea to
an education, says, "We resemble the lady of fashion,
who engaged a master to teach her on condition that
he did not trouble her with verbs and participles." We
get our smattering of science in the same way; we learn
chemistry by listening to a short course of lectures en-
livened by experiments, and when we have inhaled
laughing gas, seen green water turned to red, and phos-
phorous burnt in oxygen, we have gotten our smatter-
ing of which the most that can be said is, that though it
may be better than nothing, it is yet good for nothing.
Then we imagine we are being educated while we are
only being amused. There is no excellence without
great labor. If you have great talents industry will
improve them; if you have but moderate abilities, in-
dustry will supply this deficiency. It is by persistent
effort that men succeed. Some one lias defined genius
as only common sense intensified. Another has said,
"it is patience."
The men who have most moved the world have not
been so much men of genius, as men of intense medi-
ocre abilities, and untiring perseverence. ''Alas!" said
a widow in speaking of her brilliant but careless son,
"he has not the gift of continuance."
"It is indeed marvelous what continuous applica-
tion will effect in the most common things. Progress
in any thing is comparatively slow. Great results can-
not be achieved at once. We must be satisfied to ad-
vance in life as we walk, step by step. To know how
to wait, says one, is the great secret of success. Time
and patience, says the Eastern proverb, change the mul-
berry leaf to satin." But to wait patiently we must
work cheerfully. "Work," said Mozart, "is my chief
pleasure." Beethoven's favorite maxim was, "The bar-
riers are not erected which can say to aspiring talent
and industry thus far and no farther." Energy may be
defined as the central power of character. The differ-
ence between man is not so much a difference of talent
as of purpose and of energy. Stonewall Jackson was
a dull student in college but remarkable for his perse-
verence. When a task was set him he never left it
until he had mastered it. As a result of persistent ap-
plication to his studies at West Point he graduated
seventeenth in a class of seventy. It was there that
many of his most important battles were fought and
won. It is not strange therefore that he had to be re-
moved before the cause for which he fought could go
Henry Clay attributed his success as an orator to
the constant daily practice of reading and speaking.
"This," said he, "I continued for years, sometimes in a
cornfield, in the forest, or in some distant barn with
the horse and the ox for my auditors."
George Stephenson when addressing young men
was accustomed to sum up his best advice to them in
the words, "Do as I have done, persevere." For success
in the improvement of his locomotive he worked fifteen
years. Watt was engaged for thirty years in his con-
densing engine before he brought it to perfection.
Thomas Gray was eight years preparing his "Elegy
In A Country Churchyard."
On the famous painting, "The Last Supper," the
artist Titian worked daily for seven years. Bernard
Pollissy the monitor of ornamental earthen ware served
an apprenticeship of sixteen years trying experiments
before he succeeded.
Said a Venetian Nobleman to the sculptor, "You
charge me fifty sequins for a bust that cost you only ten
days labor?" "You forget," said the artist, "that I have
spent thirty years in learning to make that bust in ten
days." Sir Joshua Reynolds when once asked how
long it had taken him to paint a certain picture replied,
"All my life."
The genius often falters and fails, while the medi-
ocre with steady steps by persistent application climbs
the ladder of success. The tortoise beat the hare in the
race, not because of swiftness of foot, but because he
kept agoin'. We would all do well to heed the scrip-
tural injunction, "Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do,
do it with thy might."
III. A word about tact. Tact is ability to discern
opportunity, and skill in the use of brains. A painter
v/hen asked by what wonderful process he mixed his
paints replied, "I mix them with my brains, sir." The
art of knowing how to use common sense may be classed
among the fine arts. )■ .-''
Tact will supplement talent in swaying a state or
in leading the world. It is the province of tact to bring
out the bright and cheerful points in the darkest places
of life. Tact and a cheerful temper will furnish more
real joy than all the riches of earth. To knov/ how to
use your opportunities; when to pass by and when to
notice; when to interrupt and when to permit — these
are the province of genuine tact. Tact is willingness
and ability to take hold of the task assigned you. If
you can't get the work you want take Vv^hat you can get.
And be assured that he who reaches the top first must
climb the hill. The ready man is always in demand.
An illustration: "A tall awkward looking country man
walked into a store in Boston. Accosting the first per-
son he met who happened to be the merchant himself,
he asked: "You don't want to hire a man in your store,
do you?" "Well, said the merchant, I don't know. What
can you do?" Said the man, "I guess I can turn my
hand to almost anything, what do you want done?"
"Well, if I were to hire a man, I would want one who
could shoulder a sack of coffee like that one yonder and
carry it across the floor and never laj^ it down." "There
now captain," said the countryman, "that's just m.e, I
can lift anything I hitch to, you can't suit me better
What will you give a man that will suit you?" Said the
merchant, "If you'll shoulder that sack of coffee and
carry it across the store twice, and never lay it down,
I will hire you for a year at one hundred dollars a
month." 'Done," said the stranger. He walked up to
the sack of coffee, threw it across his shoulder with
perfect ease, walked with it twice across the floor, went
quietly to a large hook which was fastened to the wall,
and hanging it up turned to the merchant and said,
"There, now, it may hang there till doom's day, I shall
never take it down. What shall I go about now mister.
Just give me plenty to do and a hundred dollars a
month and it's all right." All in the store laughed
heartily at the merchant, but he kept his promise and
today the green country man is senior partner in the
firm and is worth a million dollars.
Exercise a little tact, ladies and gentlemen, in your
life work and it will open up avenues of usefulness to
you of which you have never dreamed. For now abid-
eth, time, talent and tact, these three, but the greatest
of them is tact.
Address No. 5
A SEARCH FOR JEWELS
Some time ago as I was walking down the 4th street
in the city of Louisville I noticed in the window of a
book store a book entitled "King Solomon's Mines" and
the thought flashed into my mind that in this great
world around us there are mines far richer than any
of which King Solomon with all his profound wisdom
ever knew, mines not of King Solomon but of the "King
The gold mines of Alaska and California about
which we have heard and read so much are no doubt
very rich and all of us would like to share their treas-
ures, but why go to Alaska or to California in search
of gold when there is gold of the finest quality and
gems of the purest type beneath the surface of our own
beloved state. There are jewels about us and we know
it not. The treasures are here but they are undiscov-
ered. Doubtless the poor and needy have passed many
a time over these rich treasures without a knowledge
of their existence. Not having a proper insight to the
treasures of earth, thousands march to liunger and to
death in the midst of plenty.
A traveler in South America once when overtaken
by the shades of night kindled a fire against what he
thought to be a stone but which afterwards when dis-
covered to be a very valuable nugget of gold. This
traveler knew not the immensity of the wealth within
The jewels about us are valueless in their undis-
covered unpolished state. They must be discovered
and polished before they can be useful. This discovery
must be made by the miners because no others have a
sufficient knowledge of earthly treasures to search for
and discover them. To the miners we are greatly in-
debted for their discoveries. It is they who descend
into the earth to search for and discover the jewels
which adorn and beautify our homes and our persons.
But however valuable and beautiful the jewels be-
neath the earth's surface may be when discovered and
polished they cannot equal in value and beauty God's
jewels about us. God has jewels above the earth as
well as under the earth. We are living in the midst of
a rich mine, surrounded by precious jewels, these jew-
els are boys and girls. Some of them are undiscovered
and unpolished. I read once an old Latin story some-
thing like this, "When a certain rich woman had visited
Cornelia and had shown to her her most precious jew-
els, Cornelia attracted her attention by speech until her
boys had returned from school. Then pointing to them
she said these are my jewels." There are jewels in your
own homes. Have you discovered them? Can you
point with pride to your own children and say, "These
are my jewels?" What are you raising your boys and
girls for, to do good or to get good, to be a blessing to
others or to be a nuisance to society? Some people
seem to care more for their horses and mules than they
do for their children.
These jewels must be discovered and polished by
someone. In this search and discovery everyone of us
can be a miner. This is a God given work and none
other than the followers of God can do it successfully.
In making this search there is need of a keen insight
to human nature.
These jewels are not to be discovered by the use of
pick and spade. Rough, harsh treatment can never dis-
cover the best elements of character. The bright side
of huninn nature appears only to those who search for
it witli kindness and love.
Criticism and abuse are abundant in this world but
these can never discover and polish a jewel for God. In
making this search there must be first a disposition to
see and magnify the good in everybody. There is some-
thing good in the most base criminal. Often the most
precious jewels are covered by rags. Happy is he who
cm see the good among the bad.
We have an illustration of this in the mother who
always sees the good in her children. She sees it be-
cause she has the disposition to see it. She looks for it.
Not only does she see the good but she magnifies it.
Some years ago in the mountains of North Carolina
there lived a little ragged boy and his widowed mother.
This little boy desired an education but he had no
money. His mother arranged to send him to a little
country school but was unable to buy shoes for him,
and he had to go barefoot. Sometimes the mornings
were very cold and his little feet would turn blue with
cold and he would stop and hold them up to the sun to
warm them and then hurry on to school. This he con-
tinued to do until the school closed. With him the strug-
gle for an education was long and hard but through his
own efforts and those of his mother he succeeded and
became worthy of the greatest respect of his friends
and his countrymen.
This mother saw greatness in her boy and she mag-
nified and developed it. The elements of greatness in
Abraham Lincoln were discovered by his mother. She
helped him in his youthful struggles to develop into a
man of usefulness. In his beautiful tribute to his moth-
er in after life he said, "All I am and all I hope to be I
owe to my angel mother, blessings upon her memory."
When James A. Garfield had delivered his inaugu-
ral address as President of the United States he stepped
down from the platform and walked to his mother,
kissed her and said, "Mother you brought me here. But
for you 1 could never have been president." It was a
woman who discovered the elements of greatness in
Martin Luther. At the time when he most needed
sympathy and encouragement a good woman discovered
something great in him and came to his help. A great
German scholar was once severely criticised because
he held views concerning the Bible that were consid-
ered by some unorthodox. This criticism drove him
into dispondency and almost to despair. While thus
discouraged he went to the home of his uncle who dis-
covered in him the elements of greatness and helped
A professor in one of our leading Theological semi-
naries was once found by the manager of our North
Carolina Baptist Orphanage, as clerk in a store dis-
couraged and out of money. Brother Boone discovered
greatness in him and helped him and he became not
only a prencher of great power but a teacher of preach-
The greatest thing that any of us can ever do is to
discover and polish some jewel for God. In the work of
searching for and polishing jewels the miners and the
polishers cooperate in their work and are often the
same persons. The elements of greatness in President
Johnson were discovered and developed by his wife.
It is often the work of the school teacher not only to
develop but to discover the elements of greatness in his
Some school teacher can point Vv'ith pride to a presi-
dent whom he has taught. Daniel Webster said, "If we
work upon marble, it will perish, if we work upon brass
time will efface it. If we rear temples they will crum-
ble into dust. But if we work upon immortal minds,
if we imbue them with principles v/ith the just fear of
God and love of our fellowmen, we engrave on these
tablets something which will brighten to all eternity."
This truth is also illustrated in the work of the preacher.
After Saul of Tarsus was converted on his way to
Damascus and had returned to Jerusalem, the Chris-
tians there were afraid of him and would not receive
him into their confidence because they had heard of
him as a persecutor of the saints.
There was no one save Barnabas who would re-
ceive him. Barnabas discovered in him the elements
of greatness, received him and encouraged him. He
afterwards became a greater preacher than Barnabas.
The Apostle Paul discovered the elements of great-
ness in young Timothy and under God trained and
developed him into a useful preacher. Michael Angelo
once while walking with a friend saw a rough piece of
marble, and said, "In that piece of marble there is a
man." His friend would not believe it until he had seen
as the result of the artist's skill a beautiful statue.
There is an Eastern legend that runs thus: "In a forest
near a great city a golden ball was let down out of
heaven every day at noontime, and whoever should
touch this ball, it was said would acquire certain won-
derful virtues. So many tried to reach it. But it was
always lifted just above them. One day there was in
the crowd waiting for the descent of the ball an old
man and a little boy. The old man said to the others,
if today none of us can reach the ball let us lift up this
child so that he may touch it and receive the blessing.
Acting on this council, when the tallest of them could
not reach the ball they stood together and lifted up the
boy till with his tiny hand he touched the golden ball
and lo! not the boy only but every person forming the
living pyramid felt the thrill and received the magic
gift. Let us lift up the boys and girls and not only they
but we too shall receive a blessing.
There may be in the little ragged urchin upon the
street a spark of manhood that can be kindled into a
blaze that will light the entire world. A jewel that will
sparkle in the sunlight of eternity. President Jefferson
once said, '1 feel like raising my hat to the boys be-
cause 1 don't know what may be buttoned up in a little
ragged coat." In the training and development of young
people we need to have a great deal of patience. Young
people make more mistakes than older people and we
ought not to criticise them for their mistakes but help
them, sympathize with, encourage them. A brilliant
painter was met by a volley of abuse from all the art
galleries of Europe. His paintings which have since
won the applause of all civilized nations, were then tar-
gets for CL'itics to shoot at. In defense of this outrage-
ously abused man a young author of twenty-four years,
just one year out of college, came forth with his pen,
and wrote the ablest and most famous essay on art that
the world ever saw or ever will see, John Ruskin's
'"Modern Painters." For seventeen years this author
fought the battles of the maltreated artist, and after,
in poverty and broken heartedness, the painter had
died, and the public tried to undo its cruelties toward
him by giving him a big funeral and burial in St. Paul's
Cathedral, his old-time friend took out of a tin box
nineteen thousand pieces of paper containing drawings
by the old painter, and through many weary and un-
compensated months assorted and arranged them for
public observation. It was John Raskin who discov-
ered the elements of greatness in William Turner and
defended and helped him, and for this act of kindness
the world owes him a debt of gratitude which it cannot
Let us be very patient with the boys. Some of
them are very mischievous it is true, but this will leave
them when they grow up if they have the proper train-
If one were in Florence, Italy he would see men
come in from their excavation of the ruins of ancient
cities, with baskets full of something that resembles
lumps of mud and seemingly valueless, but wait awhile.
A man takes a brush and begins to rub them and very
soon they begin to shine and you observe that they are
ancient gold coins on which is the image of a king. In
every boy and girl around us is the image, not of a
King, but of the King of Kings. It was the children
who cried, "Hosana" to Christ in His triumphal entry
into Jerusalem, Matt. 21:15. God has appointed us to
this work of discovering and polishing his jewels and
we must be faithful to this trust. For he hath said,
and they shall be mine, "saith the Lord of hosts in
that day when I make up my jewels." Malachi 3:17.
Address No. 6
MUSIC AND THE GOSPEL IN SONG
Music is a succession of pleasing sounds that stir
the heart and please the mind of the hearers. The
hearts of most people are moved by "Concord of sweet
sounds." Shakespeare says, "He that hath no music in
himself and is not moved by concord of sweet sounds is
fit for treason, stratagems and spoils. Let no such man
All music is of divine origin. It comes from God.
But it does not stay divine. It becomes corrupted when
it reaches the earth unless it is controlled by divine
power. In the realm of God there are no discords but
perfect melody and harmony prevails. When the morn-
ing stars sang together there was perfect melody and
harmony in the realm of God. When the heavenly
hosts sang praises to the new born King there was per-
fect melody and harmony in the realm of God. It is
God's purpose to fill the hearts of men and women on
the earth with that same harmony and melody that
prevails with him.
The music that we have in common use are of two
kinds, vocal and instrumental. These two kinds are
again divided into three kinds, secular, sentimental,
and sacred. Secular music has in it a divine element,
but is closely connected with earthly things. In this
class we have all forms of Jazz and such music as will
appeal to the heads and heels of men and women rather
than to their hearts. Sentimental music is that kind
which appeals more to the heart and less to the head.
In this class are found all love songs and national airs.
The kinds of music I have just mentioned are used
simply to entertain men and women rather than to win
them to Christ. Before passing to the discussion of
sacred music we will give you an illustration of the
power of music in the form of national airs. One day
during the period of the War Between The States, the
Southern and Northern armies were encamped on
either side of the Rappahannock River in Virginia. The
bands were playing national airs. On the Northern
side the band was playing "The Star Spangled Banner"
and other national airs. On the Southern side the band
played "Dixie," "Bonnie Blue Flag" and other airs pe-
culiar to the South. All at once one of the bands began
playing "Home, Sweet Home." The other band took
up the strain. The music was so powerful that the
soldiers on both sides threw down their arms and came
together weeping and said "Let's stop this war. What
are we fighting for, anyhow?" And but for the inter-
vention of the generals on each side the Civil War
would have closed at that time.
Sacred music is that class of music which is used in
our churches as a medium through which gospel truth
is conveyed to the mind and heart. Sacred songs were
written to edify Christians and win men and women
The songs and hj^mns of years ago were written to
save men and women rather than to entertain them.
The soul-stirring songs of John and Charles Wes-
ley, Fanny Crosby, Ira D. Sankey, William Walker and
many others will live forever. They were gospel songs.
Our songs should be gospel songs. They should not
only be based on the scriptures but contain the scrip-
ture themselves. Such songs as the following were
writteii to save men and women. How Firm a Founda-
tion (o!d tune), Jesus, Lover of My Soul, Just as I Am,
Come Humble Sinner, O Wlien Shall I See Jesus, and
In gospel songs there is great spiritual power. We
give you an illustration. The story is told that in a
certain town in Pennsylvania several years ago there
lived a boy whose soul was full of music. He was a poor
boy cibout ten years of age, large overgrown and unac-
customed to town or city life; consequently, he had
never seen a piarto. One day as he was passing a house
in the village, he heard strains of music sweeter than
he liad ever heard before coming from within. A lady
was playing a piano and as she played he was almost
irresistibly drawn toward the music. He was barefoot
but entered unobserved and stood at the door listening.
As she ceased playing he exclaimed with intense de-
sire, "Oh, lady, play some more." She looked around,
surprised and with no appreciation of the tender heart
that had been so touched by her music said, "Go out of
here with your big feet," and he went away crushed,
but with the memory of harmonies which seemed to
him like heaven. This boy was P. P. Bliss, the great
gospel singer. From a child, he was fond of music, and
in afteryears when he had given himself to God he
became a great power for good as a singing evangelist.
Large audiences were moved to tears and to repentance
by his songs. To this work he gave himself up wholly
until his voice was silenced forever on earth by the
breaking in of a railroad bridge near Ashtabula, Ohio.
The power of the song is very largely in the char-
acter of the singer. We have in Mr. Bliss an illustra-
tion of consecration to God in the service of song. He
was indeed a man of God. He sang v/ith the Spirit and
with the understanding. His own soul was moved and
thrilled by the sentiment of the songs which he sang,
while his character was being fashioned and moulded
into the image of God. It is a fact to be deplored that
some of our best singers do not live the gospel which
they sing. It is just as important that a singer or a
teacher of music should live the gospel he sings as it is
that a preacher should live the gospel which he
preaches. A great deal of the singing of the present
day is only from the lips and not from the heart. We
need more experimental singing. Our songs should be
from the depths of our inner experiences and express
the dealings of God with the soul. I do not believe that
unconverted men and women have any place in a
church choir. True singing is uttering notes of praise
unto God. How can one who does not know God praise
Him? I think the words of the poet, "Let those refuse
to sing who never knew our God," could very well be
applied to some of those who sing in our choirs. But
there are many devout ones in our choies who can and
do sing praises unto God.
"These are children of the heavenly King and may
speak their joys abroad." We would say by all means
let the song be a gospel message illustrated by the life
of the singer. The mission of singers and of song is
beautifully set forth in the following lines by Long-
fellow: "God sent his singers upon earth with songs of
sadness and of mirth, That they might teach the hearts
of men. And bring them back to heaven again."
LIFE'S MARAS AND BETHELS
L This world was once an Eden fair,
A Sacred spot for Adam's race,
Arrayed in beauty bright and clear,
The image of our Maker's face.
2. But now a striking change has come,
A change so marked, so real and true.
The Eden which was once our home,
Has given place to an Eden new.
3. From Eden old to Eden new.
The bitter and the sweet are found.
Life has its joys and sorrows, too,
Its bitter water and sacred ground.
Our friends depart, they cannot sta3^
Amid the sorrows here below,
We see them pass from earth away,
Where living waters gently flow.
5. The dearest friend may prove untrue,
And leave us with an aching heart,
The clearest visions brought to view,
Forever from us may depart.
6. There was a time when visions sweet.
Filled with true joy my inmost soul.
When we together oft would meet,
And talk of things both new and old.
7. But things are changed so strangely now,
The days of yore have passed away.
A countenance sad, a wrinkled brow,
Mark thoughts of many a brighter day.
Can these bright days again return
To cheer us on our weary way.
And love on sacred altars burn,
Through every livelong day?
9. If such can be oh, may they come,
A time when sad hearts may rejoice.
When we through fields again may roam
And be each other's special choice.
10. The world to me is filled with gloom.
The joy I seek I cannot find.
My brightest sun has set at noon, ■
No more to me comes peace of mind.
11. Remember me, Oh! Maiden fair, ,
Wher'er your favored lot be cast,
May sweetest music fill the air,
And bring back memories of the past